Françoise Darcel

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Brain protein synthesis may be evaluated in vivo by a PET three compartment methionine model. 14 human brain tumor patients were studied. Protein synthesis rate (PSR) was increased in any glial tumor even in low grades, but this increase was statistically more important in anaplastic tumor. Radiotherapy action was evaluated in two patients. Local tumoral(More)
Treatment of gliomas remains disappointing in spite of a great number of experimental biological data and of randomized therapeutic studies. This could be partly explained by the inefficiency of our conventional methods to assess the regional metabolism of these tumors. The use of positron emission tomography (PET) brings encouraging possibilities in this(More)
Polyamine levels have been studied in brain tumor patients. We focused our study on the relationship between tumor, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and red blood cell (RBC) polyamine levels. Our results are the following: Polyamine levels in CSF are consistently increased, whatever the histological type may be. The highest tumoral concentrations are found in(More)
BACKGROUND Although cannabis has been used as a medicine for several centuries, the therapeutic properties of cannabis preparations (essentially haschich and marijuana) make them far most popular as a recreational drugs. STATE OF THE ART Scientific studies on the effects of cannabis were advanced considerably by the identification in 1964 of cannabinoid(More)
ALDH activity measured fluorimetrically using a high concentration of aliphatic aldehyde as substrate was studied in human glioblastomas grafted in nude mice. Compared with normal brain, ALDH activity is significantly increased in malignant glioma tissue, especially in the cytosolic subcellular fraction. Correlatively, in comparison with normal brain(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is very rare in children. Only a few small series have been published, with little information about long-term progression. The objective of our study was to describe the clinical, radiological and pathological features, and the long-term course of PAP in a cohort of 34 children from La Réunion Island. (More)
Modifications of water state were analyzed during ethylnitrosourea-induction of brain tumor in rats. Four different steps were identified in the cancerization process according to NMR and histological findings. Two analogies were observed in the pattern of bound' water at decreasing temperatures: first the pattern was similar in tumor area and white matter,(More)
137 samples of intracranial tumours have been studied in proton NMR spectroscopy. T1 and T2 relaxation times are above those of normal grey and white matter. Differential diagnosis between benign and malignant brain tumours does not seem feasible upon proton T1 and T2 alone. Histological correlations allowed us to specify secondary changes accounting for T1(More)
Multiple sclerosis patients have been continuously treated by azathioprine. Only severe progressive forms were selected. The protocol of inclusion and follow-up is detailed. All cases started before 1972 have been reviewed, i.e. 102 cases. Of these 102, 35 stopped azathioprine during the first years and the reasons for this drop-out are analysed. Sixty(More)
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