Françoise Cottrez

Learn More
Active suppression is mediated by a subpopulation of CD4(+) T cells that prevents autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms involved in their differentiation in vivo are currently under intensive research. Here we show that in vitro culture of bone marrow cells in the presence of IL-10 induces the differentiation of a distinct subset of dendritic cells with a(More)
BACKGROUND T helper type 1 (Th1) response plays a permissive role in atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that adoptive transfer of a novel subtype of T lymphocytes called regulatory T cells type 1 (Tr1) would inhibit Th1 responses by inducing a bystander immune suppression and therefore limit the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Clones of(More)
TGF-beta1 is an important pleiotropic cytokine that has been described to have both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on cell growth and differentiation. For several cell types, the effect of TGF-beta1 was found to correlate with the differentiation stage of the cells and the presence of other cytokines. In this report, we address the influence of(More)
A large body of evidence supports a role for proinflammatory mediators in atherosclerotic disease progression and instability. However, only few endogenous mechanisms have been suggested that could alter disease progression. One such mechanism is thought to be mediated by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). Transgenic mice that express a(More)
We recently described a new population of CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Tr1) that inhibits proliferative responses of bystander T cells and prevents colitis induction in vivo through the secretion of IL-10. IL-10, which had been primarily described as a Th2-specific cytokine inhibiting Th1 responses, has displayed in several models a more general immune(More)
IL-10 is a cytokine secreted by a wide variety of cells type that has pleiotropic stimulatory and suppressive activities on both lymphoid and myeloid cells in vitro. To analyze the consequences of high IL-10 secretion by APCs in immune responses, we produced transgenic mice expressing human IL-10 directed by the MHC class II Ea promoter. Despite alterations(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Saccharomyces boulardii is a nonpathogenic yeast used for treatment of diarrhea. We used a mice model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to analyze the effects of S boulardii on inflammation. METHODS Lymphocyte-transferred SCID mice, displaying IBD, were fed daily with S boulardii. Weight loss and inflammatory status of the colon were(More)
The study of the pathology of HIV-1 infection in chimpanzees supports the idea of the crucial role of HIV-infected monocytes in the pathogenesis of AIDS, although viral mechanisms that lead to T cell dysfunction and deletion during HIV infection are still unclear. We show here that HIV-1-infected antigen-presenting monocytes (APCs) are able to prime in(More)
Lipodystrophic syndrome is a major side effect of highly active antiviral therapy. Fat tissue redistribution is associated with changes in adipocyte gene expression and in circulating levels of adipocytokines involved in the development of insulin resistance. However, the evidence that HIV drugs accumulate into human adipocytes and have a direct effect on(More)
Analysis of genes modulated during the sensitization process either on mice (LLNA) or human (blisters) combined with data mining has allowed the definition of a comprehensive panel of sensitization biomarkers. This set of genes includes already identified markers such as the ARE family and others not yet associated with the sensitization process (the(More)