Françoise Chevalier-Porst

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Cystic fibrosis (CF) is mainly caused by small molecular lesions of the CFTR gene; mutation detection methods based on conventional PCR do not allow the identification of all CF alleles in a population and large deletions may account for a number of these unidentified molecular lesions. It is only recently that the availability of quantitative PCR(More)
Both alleles of 24 French glycogen storage disease type 1a patients were sequenced: 14 different mutations allowed the identification of complete genotypes for all the patients. Nine new gene alterations are reported. Five mutations, Q347X, R83C, D38V, G188R, and 158 del C, account for 75% of the mutated alleles. These data show that the molecular pathology(More)
Glycogen storage disease type 1a (GSD1a) is caused by mutations in the gene of glucose-6 phosphatase (G6PC), encoding the last enzyme of gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis. To study the effect of mutations previously identified, but not yet enzymatically characterized, in French GSD1a patients, we used an in vitro expression system of the human glucose-6(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene of 600 unrelated cystic fibrosis (CF) patients living in France (excluding Brittany) was screened for 105 different mutations. This analysis resulted in the identification of 86% of the CF alleles and complete genotyping of 76% of the patients. The most frequent mutations in this population(More)
To contribute further to the classification of three CFTR amino acid changes (p.I148T, p.R74W and p.D1270N) either as CF or CBAVD-causing mutations or as neutral variations. The CFTR genes from individuals who carried at least one of these changes were extensively scanned by a well established DGGE assay followed by direct sequencing and familial(More)
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is an autosomal recessive disorder of glyoxylate metabolism, in which excessive oxalates are formed by the liver and excreted by the kidneys, causing a wide spectrum of disease, ranging from renal failure in infancy to mere renal stones in late adulthood. This disease is caused by a deficiency of alanine:glyoxylate(More)
Since 1979, newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) has been possible by measuring immunoreactive tryspinogen (IRT) in blood spots. In France, a programme based on a three-stage strategy (IRT/DNA/IRT) started in 2002. In the Rhône-Alpes area, the positive screening rate (i.e. the proportion of samples sent for genotyping) observed after the first IRT(More)
We have analysed 1173 cystic fibrosis (CF) chromosomes from Switzerland for eight mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. This permitted the identification of 88.5% of all mutations present. A novel insertion mutation in exon 20 of the CFTR gene, 3905insT, was discovered. This mutation accounted for 4.8% of CFTR gene mutations(More)