Learn More
Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in radish (Raphanus sativus) is caused by an aberrant mitochondrial gene, Orf138, that prevents the production of functional pollen without affecting female fertility. Rfo, a nuclear gene that restores male fertility, alters the expression of Orf138 at the post-transcriptional level. The Ogura CMS/Rfo two-component(More)
Cytoplasmic male sterility is a maternally inherited trait in higher plants that prevents the production of functional pollen. Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility in radish (Raphanus sativus) is regulated by the orf138 mitochondrial locus. Male fertility can be restored when orf138 accumulation is suppressed by the nuclear Rfo locus, which consists of three(More)
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in plants is a classical example of genomic conflict, opposing maternally-inherited cytoplasmic genes (mitochondrial genes in most cases), which induce male sterility, and nuclear genes, which restore male fertility. In natural populations, this type of sex control leads to gynodioecy, that is, the co-occurrence of female(More)
A PCR analysis of mitochondrial (mt) genomes of cybrid rapeseed plants revealed substoichiometric concentrations of molecules bearing different configurations of the gene (orf138) responsible for Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). These substoichiometric molecules are also present in plants bearing the unmodified Ogura cytoplasm. In one cybrid family,(More)
This paper describes the analysis of the effect of the restorer gene Rfo on the expression of the ORF138 protein associated with Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) which has been engineered in rapeseed by protoplast fusion. We show that the presence of the Rfo gene in the genome of the plants decreases the amount of ORF138 protein in floral buds, this(More)
Most of higher plant species are hermaphroditic and male-sterility is often considered as an accident of development. In fact among the multiple possible causes of male-sterility, the most frequently met in nature is cytoplasmic male-sterility (cms) which is a maternally inherited trait playing an active role in the evolution of gynodioecious species.(More)
In cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), original mitochondrial genes contribute to sex determinism by provoking pollen abortion. The function of the encoded proteins remains unclear. We studied the ORF138 protein, responsible for the 'Ogura' CMS, which is both used in hybrid seed production and present in natural populations. We analyzed the biochemical and(More)
Nucleocytoplasmic male sterilities are binary genetic systems driven by mitochondrial, maternally inherited genes that induce male sterility and a female phenotype and which are overcome by nuclear restorers of fertility. They contribute to the reproductive biology and evolution of natural populations and are valuable tools for the commercial production of(More)
Sequence analysis of the Ogura-specific mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) fragment isolated previously from Brassica cybrids carrying Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (cms) revealed a tRNA(fMet) sequence, a putative 138 amino acid open reading frame (orf138), and a 158 amino acid ORF (orf158) previously observed in mitochondrial genomes from several other plant(More)
Transcription of a putative mitochondrial gene (orf138) has previously been correlated with Ogura cytoplasmic male-sterility (CMS) in rapeseed cybrids. In this paper, studies performed on a Brassica cybrid with a different organization of the orf138 locus confirm this association. We also show that mitochondria isolated from male-sterile rapeseed plants(More)