Françoise Budar

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Sequence analysis of the Ogura-specific mitochondria) DNA (mtDNA) fragment isolated previously from Brassica cybrids carrying Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (cms) revealed a tRNAfMet sequence, a putative 138 amino acid open reading frame (orf138), and a 158 amino acid ORF (orf158) previously observed in mitochondria) genomes from several other plant(More)
A PCR analysis of mitochondrial (mt) genomes of cybrid rapeseed plants revealed substoichiometric concentrations of molecules bearing different configurations of the gene (orf138) responsible for Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). These sub-stoichiometric molecules are also present in plants bearing the unmodified Ogura cytoplasm. In one cybrid family,(More)
Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in radish (Raphanus sativus) is caused by an aberrant mitochondrial gene, Orf138, that prevents the production of functional pollen without affecting female fertility. Rfo, a nuclear gene that restores male fertility, alters the expression of Orf138 at the post-transcriptional level. The Ogura CMS/Rfo two-component(More)
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in plants is a classical example of genomic conflict, opposing maternally-inherited cytoplasmic genes (mitochondrial genes in most cases), which induce male sterility, and nuclear genes, which restore male fertility. In natural populations, this type of sex control leads to gynodioecy, that is, the co-occurrence of female(More)
Most of higher plant species are hermaphroditic and male-sterility is often considered as an accident of development. In fact among the multiple possible causes of male-sterility, the most frequently met in nature is cytoplasmic male-sterility (cms) which is a maternally inherited trait playing an active role in the evolution of gynodioecious species.(More)
Transcription of a putative mitochondrial gene (orf138) has previously been correlated with Ogura cytoplasmic male-sterility (CMS) in rapeseed cybrids. In this paper, studies performed on a Brassica cybrid with a different organization of the orf138 locus confirm this association. We also show that mitochondria isolated from male-sterile rapeseed plants(More)
Forty-four independent transformed tobacco plants were obtained from a cocultivation experiment with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains carrying modified Ti-plasmids. The transformed plants were either self-fertilized or crossed with nontransformed plants or with other transformed plants. The segregation of a phenotypic marker (kanamycin resistance) in the(More)
Cytoplasmic male sterility is a maternally inherited trait in higher plants that prevents the production of functional pollen. Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility in radish (Raphanus sativus) is regulated by the orf138 mitochondrial locus. Male fertility can be restored when orf138 accumulation is suppressed by the nuclear Rfo locus, which consists of three(More)
We have investigated the control of the expression of three different configurations of the mitochondrial gene orf138, whose expression is correlated with Ogura cytoplasmic male-sterility in rapeseed cybrids. These configurations, termed Nco2.5/13S, Nco2.7/13F and Bam4.8/18S, specific to the 13S (sterile), 13F (fertile) and 18S (sterile) cybrids(More)
Genetic variation in cytoplasmic genomes (i.e. the mitochondrial genome in animals, and the combined mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes in plants) was traditionally assumed to accumulate under a neutral equilibrium model. This view has, however, come under increasing challenge from studies that have experimentally linked cytoplasmic genetic effects to(More)