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Four cationic peptides were purified from mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) hemocytes. A combination of Edman degradation and mass spectrometry of plasma revealed (i) a previously characterized molecule, mytilin B (Charlet, M., Chernysh, S., Philippe, H., Hetrut, C., Hoffmann, J., and Bulet, P. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 21808-21813) and (ii) three new(More)
MGD1 (Mytilus galloprovincialis defensin 1), a new member of the arthropod defensin family, is a 4 kDa antibacterial peptide previously isolated from the plasma of Mediterranean mussels. We report here the presence of MGD1 in the organelle-rich fraction of hemocytes and the cDNA sequence corresponding to MGD1 and one new isoform mRNA: MGD2. Sequence(More)
Previous research has shown that mytilins and MGDs are two types of 4-kDa, cysteine-rich, cationic antimicrobial peptides, which are abundant in hemocytes of the mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis and M. edulis. The expression of the genes encoding these peptides has been analyzed in the hemocytes of animals subjected to various stress factors, as well as(More)
We report here the isolation of two isoforms of a novel cysteine-rich peptide from haemocytes (isoform A of 4.438 Da and B of 4.562 Da) and plasma (isoform A) of the mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis. The two molecules display antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacteria, whereas only isoform B is active against the fungus Fusarium oxysporum and a(More)
Plasma from the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis previously immunized by injecting them with bacteria contains several bactericidal proteins. One protein, MGD-1, was purified by reverse-phase HPLC of supernatant from acidified cell-free hemolymph. Its biological activity is directed against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria but it is not(More)
The identification and quantification of the relative importance of reproductive isolating barriers is of fundamental importance to understand species maintenance in the face of interspecific gene flow between hybridising species. Yet, such assessments require extensive experimental fertilisations that are particularly difficult when dealing with more than(More)
Tree breeding is giving an increasing attention to wood properties in order to better fit the requirements of the saw, board, pulp and paper industries. In particular, it has been reported that lignin and cellulose content display moderate to high heritabilities making them prime candidates for genetic improvement of wood chemistry. Moreover, these traits(More)
The lack of professional afferent APCs in naive brain parenchyma contributes to the systemic immune ignorance to Ags localized exclusively within the brain. Dendritic cells (DCs) appear within the brain as a consequence of inflammation, but no molecular mechanisms accounting for this influx have been described. In this study we demonstrate that Fms-like(More)
Allograft acceptance can be induced in the rat by pretransplant infusion of donor blood or spleen cells. Although promoting long-term acceptance, this treatment is also associated with chronic rejection. In this study, we show that a single administration of anti-donor MHC class II alloimmune serum on the day of transplantation results in indefinite(More)
Actin interaction with L-plastin, a plastin/fimbrins isoform of the alpha-actinin family of molecules, is poorly characterized, from the biochemical point of view. Besides, molecular modeling of the T-isoform has recently provided a complete model of interaction with filamentous actin [Volkmann, N., DeRosier, D., Matsudaira, P., and Hanein, D. (2001) J.(More)