François-Xavier Gamelin

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The aim of this study was to determine if subjects matched for $${\dot{V}}\hbox{O}_{\rm 2\,max}$$ but with differing aerobic endurance displayed similar heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and heart rate recovery (HRR) after maximal exercise. We hypothesized that the higher the aerobic endurance, the higher the HRV and the faster the HRR. Twenty-eight well(More)
The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of high intermittent exercise training on children’s heart rate variability (HRV). Thirty-eight children (age 9.6 ± 1.2 years) were divided into an intermittent (IT, n = 22) and a control group (CON, n = 16). At baseline and after a 7-week training period, HRV parameters, peak oxygen consumption $$(More)
Dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) supplementation has been shown to increase exercise tolerance and improve oxidative efficiency during aerobic exercise in healthy subjects. We tested the hypothesis that a 3-day supplementation in beetroot juice (BJ) rich in NO3(-) would improve the tolerance to supramaximal intensity intermittent exercise consisting of 15-s(More)
This study used an innovative technique of pulse oximetry to investigate whether swimmers can train under hypoxic conditions through voluntary hypoventilation (VH). Ten trained subjects performed a front crawl swimming series with normal breathing (NB), VH at high (VHhigh) and low pulmonary volume (VHlow). Arterial oxygen saturation was continuously(More)
The aim of the present study was to show if the use of continuous-running training vs. intermittent-running training has comparable or distinct impact on aerobic fitness in children. At first, children were matched according to their chronological age, their biological age (secondary sexual stages), and their physical activity or training status. Then,(More)
The endocannabinoid system is dysregulated during obesity in tissues involved in the control of food intake and energy metabolism. We examined the effect of chronic exercise on the tissue levels of endocannabinoids (eCBs) and on the expression of genes coding for cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) (Cnr1 and Cnr2, respectively) in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of chronic exercise on the hypothalamus and hippocampus levels of the endocannabinoids (eCBs) anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and of two AEA congeners and on the expression of genes coding for CB1, CB2 receptors (Cnr1 and Cnr2, respectively), and the enzymes responsible for eCB(More)
The aim of the study was to characterize aerobic responses to high intensity intermittent (HIIE) and continuous (CE) exercises in prepubertal children. 26 children aged 8 to 11-year-old took part in a preliminary session to determine peakVO2 and Maximal Aerobic Velocity (MAV). In 5 subsequent experimental visits, the participants completed 2 CE and 3 HIIE(More)
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