François Xavier Briand

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OBJECTIVE We previously reported that a systemic liver X receptor (LXR) agonist promoted macrophage reverse-cholesterol transport (mRCT) in vivo. Because LXR are expressed in multiple tissues involved in RCT (macrophages, liver, intestine), we analyzed the effect of tissue-specific LXR agonism on mRCT. METHODS AND RESULTS In initial studies, the systemic(More)
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the destruction of pancreatic β cells, and generating new insulin-producing cells from other cell types is a major aim of regenerative medicine. One promising approach is transdifferentiation of developmentally related pancreatic cell types, including glucagon-producing α cells. In a genetic model, loss of the master(More)
UNLABELLED A major atheroprotective functionality of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) is to promote "reverse cholesterol transport" (RCT). In this process, HDLs mediate the efflux and transport of cholesterol from peripheral cells and its subsequent transport to the liver for further metabolism and biliary excretion. We have previously demonstrated in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect against atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, mainly by promoting reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Biliary sterol secretion supposedly represents the final step in RCT, but the relevance of this pathway has not been explored. We tested the dependency of RCT on functional biliary sterol(More)
An increasing incidence of enteric disorders clinically suggestive of the poult enteritis complex has been observed in turkeys in France since 2003. Using a newly designed real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay specific for the nucleocapsid (N) gene of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and turkey coronaviruses (TCoV), coronaviruses(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) agonism increases HDL cholesterol and has therefore the potential to stimulate macrophage-to-feces reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). To test whether PPARdelta activation promotes RCT in mice, in vivo macrophage RCT was assessed using cholesterol-loaded/3H-cholesterol-labeled macrophages(More)
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) transfers cholesteryl ester (CE) and triglyceride between HDL and apoB-containing lipoproteins. Anacetrapib (ANA), a reversible inhibitor of CETP, raises HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) and lowers LDL cholesterol in dyslipidemic patients; however, the effects of ANA on cholesterol/lipoprotein metabolism in a dyslipidemic(More)
In clinical trials, a small increase in LDL cholesterol has been reported with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. The mechanisms by which the SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin increases LDL cholesterol levels were investigated in hamsters with diet-induced dyslipidemia. Compared with vehicle, empagliflozin 30 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks significantly(More)
Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are associated with low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) levels, which would impair reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). A promising therapeutic strategy is to raise HDL with cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitors, but their effects on RCT remains to be demonstrated in vivo. We therefore evaluated the effects of(More)
The niacin receptor GPR109A is a G(i)-protein-coupled receptor which mediates the effects of niacin on inhibiting intracellular triglyceride lipolysis in adipocytes. However, the role of GPR109A in mediating the effects of niacin on high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism is unclear. We found niacin has no effect on HDL-C in GPR109A knockout mice.(More)