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The effect of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in protecting against atherosclerosis is usually attributed to its role in 'reverse cholesterol transport'. In this process, HDL particles mediate the efflux and the transport of cholesterol from peripheral cells to the liver for further metabolism and bile excretion. Thus, cell-surface receptors for HDL on(More)
Sulforaphane is an isothiocyanate that is present naturally in widely consumed vegetables and has a particularly high concentration in broccoli. This compound has been shown to block the formation of tumors initiated by chemicals in the rat. Although sulforaphane has been proposed to modulate the metabolism of carcinogens, its mechanism of action remains(More)
Cell surface receptors for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) on hepatocytes are major partners in the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis. We have previously demonstrated on human hepatocytes that apolipoprotein A-I binding to an ectopic F(1)-ATPase stimulates the production of extracellular ADP that activates a P2Y(13)-mediated high-density lipoprotein(More)
The intestinal absorption of cholesterol and lipid micronutrients such as vitamin E has been shown to share some common pathways. The present study aims to further compare the uptake of cholesterol ([3H]cholesterol v. 22-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-23,24-bisnor-5-cholen-3-ol (NBD-cholesterol)) and tocopherol in Caco-2 TC-7 cells and in(More)
We have investigated the cell death of a Chinese hamster ovary mutant (MT-58) with a thermo-sensitive CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the CDP-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis (Esko, J. D., Wermuth, M. M., and Raetz, C. R. H. (1981) J. Biol. Chem. 256, 7388-7393). After MT-58 cells were shifted to the(More)
We have previously shown that, among various isoprenoids, farnesol and geranylgeraniol specifically induced actin fiber disorganization, growth inhibition, and apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells (Miquel, K., Pradines, A., and Favre, G. (1996) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 225, 869-876). Here we demonstrate that isoprenoid-induced apoptosis(More)
Dietary cholesterol absorption contributes to a large part of the circulating cholesterol. However, the mechanism of sterol intestinal uptake is not clearly elucidated. Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), major component in the control of cholesterol homeostasis, is expressed in the intestine, but its role in this organ remains unclear. We have(More)
Hepatic lipase (HL) is a lipolytic enzyme, synthesized by hepatocytes and found localized at the surface of liver sinusoid capillaries. In humans, the enzyme is mostly bound onto heparan-sulfate proteoglycans at the surface of hepatocytes and also of sinusoid endothelial cells. HL shares a number of functional domains with lipoprotein lipase and with other(More)
BACKGROUND The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) alpha, beta/delta, and gamma are ligand-activated transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. In addition to their regulatory role on lipid and glucose metabolism, they exert anti-inflammatory properties. In skin both PPAR-alpha and PPAR-beta/delta regulate(More)