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INTRODUCTION Pleth Variability Index (PVI) is an automated and continuous calculation of respiratory variations in the perfusion index. PVI correlates well with respiratory variations in pulse pressure (ΔPP) and is able to predict fluid responsiveness in the operating room. ICU patients may receive vasopressive drugs, which modify vascular tone and could(More)
Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) remains a potentially hemorrhagic procedure. Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a point-of-care device used to monitor coagulation during OLT. Whether it allows blood loss and transfusions to be reduced during OLT remains controversial. Excellent correlations and predictive values have been found between ROTEM(More)
BACKGROUND Pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) are robust indicators of fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated supine patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of PPV and SVV to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients in the prone position (PP) during scoliosis surgery. (More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective study was to determine the risk factors of epileptiform discharge during induction with sevoflurane in healthy adult patients. METHODS Forty adult patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I were randomly allocated to one of four groups. Group A: Patients breathed 8% sevoflurane in oxygen (8(More)
The potential superiority of hypertonic saline (HTS) over mannitol (MTL) for control of intracranial pressure (ICP) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is still debated. Forty-seven severe TBI patients with increased ICP were prospectively recruited in two university hospitals and randomly treated with equiosmolar infusions of either MTL 20% (4 mL/kg;(More)
BACKGROUND Epileptiform discharges (ED) can occur during sevoflurane induction, especially in young female patients and when high alveolar concentrations are used. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether low sevoflurane concentration reduces the occurrence of ED in female patients. METHODS Thirty-four female patients scheduled for minor(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can induce cell damage. Procoagulant microparticles (MPs) are reliable markers of cell stimulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the generation of procoagulant MPs in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma of patients with severe TBI. MATERIAL CSF and plasma MPs of 16 patients with severe TBI were(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac output (CO) and invasive hemodynamic measurements are useful during liver transplantation. The pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) is commonly used for these patients, despite the potential complications. Recently, a less invasive device (Vigileo/FloTrac) became available, which estimates CO using arterial pressure waveform analysis without(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the current use of sedation and analgesia in a large sample of French intensive care units (ICUs) and to define structural characteristics of the units that use a written procedure. STUDY DESIGN Self-reported survey. PARTICIPANTS Three hundred and sixty French ICUs were presented the questionnaire in September 2007. RESULTS(More)
INTRODUCTION Dabigatran and rivaroxaban have recently been added to the armamentarium for thromboprophylaxis in orthopedic surgery. Although this is their first licensed indication, others will soon follow. Owing to their claimed predictable anticoagulant response that dispenses with the need for monitoring coagulation, their effects are poorly described in(More)