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AIM To evaluate the association between CYP1A1 and GSTs genetic polymorphisms and susceptibility to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (ADC) in a high risk area of northwest of France. METHODS A case-control study was conducted to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of these enzymes (CYP1A1*2C and GSTP1 exon 7 Val(More)
Many epidemiological studies have explored the possible link between the susceptibility to alcohol related cancers, such as oesophageal cancers, and genetic variants of alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs). Alcohol dehydrogenase class IV ADH7 is mainly expressed in the upper aero-digestive tract and is involved in the first pass ethanol metabolism. As far as we(More)
The effect of melatonin, an indole hormone of the pineal gland, on the initiation of N-nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU)-induced carcinogenesis in rats and mutagenesis in vitro has been investigated. Two-month-old female LIO rats (groups 1 and 2) were exposed to a single injection of NMU (50 mg/kg of body weight, i.v.). Rats from group 2 were given melatonin(More)
Chemoresistance is a major concern in cancer erradication; it involves various mechanisms, including defects in the apoptosis program induced by anticancer drugs. In order to further explore the mechanisms underlying the development of chemoresistance in ovarian carcinoma after cisplatin treatment, we established an in vitro model, mimicking a clinical(More)
The alkaline comet assay is able to identify in individual cells DNA strand breaks associated with different processes. Topoisomerase inhibitors, some of which are used as chemotherapeutic agents, stabilise topoisomerase-DNA cleavable complexes by stimulating DNA strand cleavage and inhibiting religation. This can result in the activation of(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of the comet assay to quantify DNA strand breaks and alkali labile sites has been widely demonstrated. In this study, this assay was tested for its ability to identify DNA fragmentation occurring during apoptosis in comparison with standard DNA flow cytometry analysis. METHODS Staurosporine-induced apoptosis in CHO cells is an(More)
BACKGROUND The present report was designed to investigate the origins of elevated oxidative stress measured in cancer patients in our previous work related to a case-control study (17 cases, 43 controls) on oesophageal cancers. The aim was to characterize the relationship between the levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), antioxidant(More)
Chronic alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for upper aero-digestive tract cancers, including cancer of the esophagus. Whereas alcohol as such is not thought to be directly carcinogenic, acetaldehyde, its first metabolite, has been proven genotoxic and mutagenic in the HPRT gene. As mutations in the tumour suppressor gene TP53 are the most common(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) are described as the result of a multistep tumorigenesis process. In order to develop useful diagnosis of pre-malignant lesions, expression of p53 family members and the cancer stem cell (CSCs) marker, CD44v6, were studied in histologically normal oral epithelium, precancerous lesions and succeeding invasive OSCCs. p53(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that integrins, which participate in many complex cellular processes, are important for tumor progression and metastasis. In order to understand the role of these cell-surface receptors and of their ligands in the biological behavior of ovarian tumor cells, we have examined the expression of integrins in the human(More)