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AIM To evaluate the association between CYP1A1 and GSTs genetic polymorphisms and susceptibility to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (ADC) in a high risk area of northwest of France. METHODS A case-control study was conducted to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of these enzymes (CYP1A1*2C and GSTP1 exon 7 Val(More)
The effects of two fungicides (carbendazim and chlorothalonil) on the induction of DNA damage in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (human PBL) have been investigated using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay (SCGE assay or comet assay) immediately after a 1-h treatment and after a 24-h post-treatment incubation. The assessment of etoposide (an(More)
The alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay was used to assess in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity of etoposide, a topoisomerase II inhibitor known to induce DNA strand breaks, and chlorothalonil, a fungicide widely used in agriculture. For in vivo studies, rats were sacrificed at various times after treatment and the induction of DNA strand(More)
Many epidemiological studies have explored the possible link between the susceptibility to alcohol related cancers, such as oesophageal cancers, and genetic variants of alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs). Alcohol dehydrogenase class IV ADH7 is mainly expressed in the upper aero-digestive tract and is involved in the first pass ethanol metabolism. As far as we(More)
The effect of melatonin, an indole hormone of the pineal gland, on the initiation of N-nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU)-induced carcinogenesis in rats and mutagenesis in vitro has been investigated. Two-month-old female LIO rats (groups 1 and 2) were exposed to a single injection of NMU (50 mg/kg of body weight, i.v.). Rats from group 2 were given melatonin(More)
Chemoresistance is a major concern in cancer erradication; it involves various mechanisms, including defects in the apoptosis program induced by anticancer drugs. In order to further explore the mechanisms underlying the development of chemoresistance in ovarian carcinoma after cisplatin treatment, we established an in vitro model, mimicking a clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of the comet assay to quantify DNA strand breaks and alkali labile sites has been widely demonstrated. In this study, this assay was tested for its ability to identify DNA fragmentation occurring during apoptosis in comparison with standard DNA flow cytometry analysis. METHODS Staurosporine-induced apoptosis in CHO cells is an(More)
The alkaline comet assay is able to identify in individual cells DNA strand breaks associated with different processes. Topoisomerase inhibitors, some of which are used as chemotherapeutic agents, stabilise topoisomerase-DNA cleavable complexes by stimulating DNA strand cleavage and inhibiting religation. This can result in the activation of(More)
BACKGROUND The present report was designed to investigate the origins of elevated oxidative stress measured in cancer patients in our previous work related to a case-control study (17 cases, 43 controls) on oesophageal cancers. The aim was to characterize the relationship between the levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), antioxidant(More)
Comet, TUNEL, and annexin V assays were used to identify DNA fragmentation and plasma membrane alterations occurring during staurosporine-induced apoptosis in Chinese hamster ovary cells. TUNEL assay detected apoptotic cells after 6 h treatment. The occurrence of annexin V immunofluorescence staining after 1 h treatment confirms that exposure of(More)