François Sanschagrin

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates have a highly conserved core genome representing up to 90% of the total genomic sequence with additional variable accessory genes, many of which are found in genomic islands or islets. The identification of the Liverpool Epidemic Strain (LES) in a children's cystic fibrosis (CF) unit in 1996 and its subsequent observation in(More)
In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as in most bacterial species, the expression of genes is tightly controlled by a repertoire of transcriptional regulators, particularly the so-called sigma (sigma) factors. The basic understanding of these proteins in bacteria has initially been described in Escherichia coli where seven sigma factors are involved in core RNA(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a model for studying opportunistic pathogens that are highly resistant to most classes of antibiotics and cause chronic pulmonary infections. We have developed and adapted a multiplex polymerase chain reaction-based signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) for high-throughput screening of a collection of 7968 P. aeruginosa mutants in a(More)
Novel putative pyoverdine synthetase pvdIJK genes were found upstream of pvdD in the 6.2-Mb chromosome of Pseudomonas aerugilosa strain PAO1. These genes formed a locus implicated in pyoverdine biosynthesis. Sequence analysis showed that the product of these genes shared 43%, 60% and 57% identity with PvdD. PvdIJK are thought to be implicated in synthesis(More)
A total of 112 Escherichia coli O149:K91 strains isolated from pigs with diarrhea in Quebec, Canada, between 1978 and 2000 were characterized for their genotypic antimicrobial resistance profiles. Tests for resistance to 10 antimicrobial agents were conducted. Resistance to tetracycline and sulfonamides was found to be the most frequent, but resistance to(More)
Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) isolates collected from different infected animals and from human patients with extraintestinal infections in 2001 were characterized for their phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance profiles, genotypes, and key virulence factors. Among the 10 antimicrobial agents tested, resistance to(More)
Bacterial peptidoglycan is the cell wall component responsible for maintaining cell integrity against osmotic pressure. Biosynthesis of the cytoplasmic precursor UDP-N-acetylmuramyl pentapeptide is catalyzed by the Mur enzymes. Genomic analysis of the three regions encoding Mur proteins was achieved. We have cloned and over-expressed the murA, -B, -D, -E(More)
We describe a fast and simple method for signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) using defined oligonucleotides for tag construction into mini-Tn5 and PCR instead of hybridization for rapid screening of bacterial mutants in vivo. A collection of 12 unique 21-mers were synthesized as complementary DNA strands to tag bacterial mutants constructed by insertional(More)
PSE-4 is a class A beta-lactamase produced by strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and is highly active for the penicillin derivative carbenicillin. The crystal structure of the wild-type PSE-4 carbenicillinase has been determined to 1.95 A resolution by molecular replacement and represents the first structure of a carbenicillinase published to date. A(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental Gram-negative bacterium that is also a major opportunistic human pathogen in nosocomial infections and cystic fibrosis chronic lung infections. PhoP-PhoQ is a two-component regulatory system that has been identified as essential for virulence and cationic antimicrobial peptide resistance in several other(More)