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In this article, the authors report on the development and testing of a set of indicators of quality of care in nursing homes, using resident-level assessment data. These quality indicators (QIs) have been developed to provide a foundation for both external and internal quality-assurance (QA) and quality-improvement activities. The authors describe the(More)
BACKGROUND Birth trauma is a low-frequency, high-severity event, making obstetrics a major challenge for patient safety. Yet, few strategies have been shown to eliminate preventable perinatal harm. Interdisciplinary team training was prospectively evaluated to assess the relative impact of two different learning modalities to improve nontechnical skills(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence (UI) in women adversely affects quality of life. PURPOSE To conduct a systematic literature review of drugs for urgency UI in women. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, SCIRUS, and Google Scholar were searched for articles published from 1966 to November 2011. STUDY SELECTION(More)
PURPOSE The wait tradeoff (WTO) is a simple time-tradeoff method designed for temporary health states that uses a realistic and intuitive interface for the patient/subject. This method was tested by assessing patients' preferences for magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) versus x-ray angiography (XRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS The WTO was tested by telephone(More)
The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it provides an historical overview of studies of risk, risk perception, and decision making under risk within the genetic counseling domain. Second, it proposes an alternative conceptualization and operationalization for the study of risk perception. The conceptualization involves probability, adversity,(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The morbidity associated with a diagnostic test can influence its cost-effectiveness, but the quantification of that morbidity is controversial. Accounting for pain and invasiveness requires the measurement of "process utility" in addition to the expected value of testing. An original time trade-off variant was applied to the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS(™)) skills curriculum has validity evidence supporting use for assessing laparoscopic skills for general surgeons. As charged by the American Urological Association (AUA) Laparoscopy, Robotic, and New Surgical Technology Committee, we sought to develop and validate a urology-specific FLS,(More)