François Rodolphe

Learn More
Phylogenies involving nonmodel species are based on a few genes, mostly chosen following historical or practical criteria. Because gene trees are sometimes incongruent with species trees, the resulting phylogenies may not accurately reflect the evolutionary relationships among species. The increase in availability of genome sequences now provides large(More)
The genome length, in units of Morgans or centimorgans, is a fundamental feature of a species. It can be calculated from a complete linkage map. However, the genome size can be estimated with partial linkage data. Using linkage data obtained by the analysis of a two-dimensional electrophoresis of the proteins contained in an haploid organ, the(More)
Comparative mapping provides new insights into the evolutionary history of genomes. In particular, recent studies in mammals have suggested a role for segmental duplication in genome evolution. In some species such as Drosophila or maize, transposable elements (TEs) have been shown to be involved in chromosomal rearrangements. In this work, we have explored(More)
The increasing availability of fungal genome sequences provides large numbers of proteins for evolutionary and phylogenetic analyses. However the heterogeneity of data, including the quality of genome annotation and the difficulty of retrieving true orthologs, makes such investigations challenging. The aim of this study was to provide a reliable and(More)
The first step in the construction of a linkage map involves the estimation and test for linkage between all possible pairs of markers. The lod score method is used in many linkage studies for the latter purpose. In contrast with classical statistical tests, this method does not rely on the choice of a first-type error level. We thus provide a comparison(More)
We present here the use of a new statistical segmentation method on the Bacillus subtilis chromosome sequence. Maximum likelihood parameter estimation of a hidden Markov model, based on the expectation-maximization algorithm, enables one to segment the DNA sequence according to its local composition. This approach is not based on sliding windows; it enables(More)
Proteins from haploid megagametophytes from 18 trees were studied by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE). A total of 222 seeds, an average of 12 per tree, were analysed individually. 150 protein spots appeared to segregate on the polyacrylamide gels in at least tree. Genetic interpretations were made to define the number of loci(More)
Natural populations are currently the basic material for studying forest tree breeding, but little is known on the genotypic spatial structures in these stands. The use of gene markers, such as isozymes, leads to the determination of part of the allelic constitution of individuals. A method is presented here to estimate the degree of genetic relationship(More)
We address the problem of protein secondary structure prediction with Hidden Markov Models. A 21-state model is built using biological knowledge and statistical analysis of sequence motifs in regular secondary structures. Sequence family information is integrated via the combination of independent predictions of homologous sequences and a weighting scheme.(More)
The basidiomycete fungus Microbotryum violaceum is responsible for the anther-smut disease in many plants of the Caryophyllaceae family and is a model in genetics and evolutionary biology. Infection is initiated by dikaryotic hyphae produced after the conjugation of two haploid sporidia of opposite mating type. This study describes M. violaceum ESTs(More)