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RATIONALE Atomoxetine is a potent and selective norepinephrine transporter (NET) reuptake inhibitor acting as a nonstimulant for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies had failed to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring a dose-dependent and saturable NET occupancy in human(More)
Evidence suggests that compounds that increase the synaptic availability of more than one neurotransmitter have greater efficacy in the treatment of depression than single-acting drugs. Preclinical studies indicate that duloxetine acts to inhibit serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) transporters. The ability of duloxetine to alter 5-HT and NE reuptake(More)
The neurokinin-1 (NK-1) antagonist LY686017 showed activity in preclinical anxiety models. The clinical development of LY686017 included a PET study and a proof-of-concept in social anxiety disorder (SAD). [(11)C]GR205171 was used healthy volunteers receiving 1-100mg/d LY686017 for 28 days to determine brain receptor occupancy (RO). The mean NK-1 RO(More)
OBJECTIVE Adenosine A2A receptor antagonists are potential new treatments for Parkinson disease. We used positron emission tomography (PET) of the A2A receptor radiotracer, [C]SCH442416, to assess binding of the novel A2A antagonist, vipadenant (previously known as BIIB014), to human brain A2A receptors and to investigate the relationship among dose,(More)
Sleep abnormalities have been repeatedly demonstrated in major depression. However, the respective influences of age, severity, adaptation and gender have never been clearly disentangled. In a retrospective study, full polysomnograms of 67 male depressive patients and 67 carefully age-matched male healthy control subjects were analyzed. The usual(More)
INTRODUCTION (S,S)-[(18)F]FMeNER-D(2) is a recently developed positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for in vivo quantification of norepinephrine transporter. A monkey occupancy study with the radioligand indicated that (S,S)-[(18)F]FMeNER-D(2) can be useful for quantitative PET analysis. In this preliminary study, regional distributions in the living(More)
Our focus is on the joint analysis of longitudinal nonnormal responses and early discontinuation in (pre)-clinical trials. Separate models are fitted to the two series (response and discontinuation) to account for covariate and time effects. The serial dependence and the dependence between response and drop-out are also modeled. This is done using(More)
RATIONALE Antidepressants are known to modify human sleep patterns. OBJECTIVES Duloxetine is a new antidepressant with a mechanism of action involving reuptake inhibition of both serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE). In this study, the effects of two dosing regimens of duloxetine on sleep electroencephalography (EEG) were investigated at steady-state(More)
The κ-opioid receptor (KOR) is thought to play an important therapeutic role in a wide range of neuropsychiatric and substance abuse disorders, including alcohol dependence. LY2456302 is a recently developed KOR antagonist with high affinity and selectivity and showed efficacy in the suppression of ethanol consumption in rats. This study investigated brain(More)
Receptor occupancy (RO) PET is a non-invasive way to determine drug on target. Given the complexity of procedures, long acquisition times, and high cost, ligand displacement imaging trials often have a limited size and produce sparse RO results over the time course of the blocking drug. To take the best advantage of the available data, we propose a Bayesian(More)
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