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Glucocorticoids, in conjunction with their cognate receptors, exert negative-feedback effects on the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, suppressing adrenal steroid secretions. Two types of corticosteroid receptor, distinguishable by their ability to bind corticosterone, have been identified as classical mineralocorticoid (type I) and glucocorticoid (type(More)
Production of foreign proteins in the tissues of transgenic animals represents an efficient and economical method of producing therapeutic and pharmaceutical proteins. In this study, we demonstrate that the mouse P12 gene promoter specific to the male accessory sex gland can be used to generate transgenic mice that express human growth hormone (hGH) in(More)
The Cas-Br-E murine leukemia virus induces a spongiform myeloencephalopathy in susceptible mice. We constructed transgenic mice harboring either the viral genome (in a replication-defective form) or only its env gene. Low levels of expression of either transgene resulted in mild neuropathology and/or signs of neurological disease in more than half of these(More)
Transgenic animal bioreactors represent a powerful tool to address the growing need for therapeutic recombinant proteins. The ability of transgenic animals to produce complex, biologically active recombinant proteins in an efficient and economic manner has stimulated a great deal of interest in this area. As a result, genetically modified animals of several(More)
Four polymorphisms in the swine leptin (LEP) gene were characterized and evaluated for association with economically important production traits in Yorkshire, Landrace and Duroc pigs. Our results show that these polymorphisms are generally of low frequency or are absent in pig populations. Two polymorphisms (A2845T and T3469C) may be associated (P < 0.0078)(More)
Cloning of mammalian oocytes requires that the recipient oocyte is enucleated to remove all genetic material associated with the chromosomes. The procedure currently used in most species requires careful micromanipulation of oocytes treated with cytochalasin B to prevent structural damage. Although functional, this procedure requires time and limits the(More)
Transgenic mice carrying the v-Ha-ras oncogene under the control of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat were produced. These mice exhibit several phenotypes: mammary tumors, bilateral hyperplasia of the harderian lacrimal gland, primary bronchio-alveolar lung adenocarcinoma, and splenomegaly. High levels of the transgene RNA were detected in(More)
We have created transgenic mouse lines with impaired glucocorticoid receptor function by expression of a type II glucocorticoid receptor antisense RNA in brain tissues. These animals have endocrinological characteristics similar to those seen in depression, including a hyperactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis as indicated by elevated plasma(More)
To study the regulation of the human glucocorticoid receptor (hGR), we characterized the promoter region by primer extension, S1 nuclease mapping and by DNA sequencing. We found that the promoter is extremely G + C rich (72% GC content) and contains a "TAATA" and a "CAT" box, eight "GGGCGG", three "CCGCCC" and two "CACCC" motifs and a motif similar to the(More)
We have developed an improved method for determining CAT activity directed by stably (transgenic mice) or transiently (tissue culture cell lines) introduced CAT reporter gene constructs. The procedure is based on the use of a new buffer system which considerably increases the stability of the CAT enzyme during the preparation of the crude cell extracts.(More)