François Petitcolin

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Fire products are now available from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) including the only current global daily active fire product. This paper describes the algorithm, the products and the associated validation activities. High-resolution ASTER data, which are acquired simultaneously with MODIS, provide a unique opportunity for MODIS(More)
This study compared surface emissivity and radiometric temperature retrievals derived from data collected with the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) sensors, onboard the NASA’s Earth Observation System (EOS)-TERRA satellite. Two study sites were selected: a semi-arid(More)
The L-band interferometric radiometer onboard the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission will measure polarized brightness temperatures (Tb). The measurements are affected by strong radiometric noise. However, during a satellite overpass, numerous measurements are acquired at various incidence angles at the same location on the Earth's surface. The sea(More)
Surface temperature is a key component for understanding energy fluxes between the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Accurate retrieval of surface temperature from satellite observations requires proper correction of the thermal channels for atmospheric emission and attenuation. Although the split-window method has offered relatively accurate measurements,(More)
Thermal Infra Red (TIR) Remote sensing allow spatializing various land surface temperatures: ensemble brightness, radiometric and aerodynamic temperatures, soil and vegetation temperatures optionally sunlit and shaded, and canopy temperature profile. These are of interest for monitoring vegetated land surface processes: heat and mass exchanges, soil(More)
The European Space Agency SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) mission aims at obtaining global maps of soil moisture and sea surface salinity from space for large scale and climatic studies. It uses an L-band (1400-1427 MHz) microwave interferometric radiometer by aperture synthesis (MIRAS) to measure brightness temperature at the Earth surface at(More)
SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity), launched in November 2, 2009 is the first satellite mission addressing the salinity measurement from space through the use of MIRAS (Microwave Imaging Radiometer with Aperture Synthesis), a new two-dimensional interferometer designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) and operating at L-band. This paper presents a(More)
SPECTRA (Surface Processes and Ecosystem Changes through Response Analysis) is a planned spaceborne multiangular hyperspectral and thermal imaging spectrometer in phase A early design led by ESA’s earth observation group. Its mission is to describe, understand and model the role of terrestrial vegetation in the global carbon cycle and its response to(More)