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Recent reports have highlighted the potential therapeutic role of olfactory ensheathing cells for repair of spinal cord injuries. Previously ensheathing cells collected from the olfactory bulbs within the skull were used. In humans a source of these cells for autologous therapy lies in the nasal mucosa where they accompany the axons of the olfactory(More)
We demonstrated recently that transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells from the nasal olfactory mucosa can promote axonal regeneration after complete transection of the spinal cord in adult rat. Ten weeks after transection and transplantation there was significant recovery of locomotor behaviour and restoration of descending inhibition of spinal cord(More)
Olfactory ensheathing cells transplanted into the injured spinal cord in animals promote regeneration and remyelination of descending motor pathways through the site of injury and the return of motor functions. In a single-blind, Phase I clinical trial, we aimed to test the feasibility and safety of transplantation of autologous olfactory ensheathing cells(More)
Several studies have demonstrated the potential of olfactory ensheathing cells for the repair of central and peripheral nerve injury. However, the majority of these studies have been performed with olfactory ensheathing cells derived from the olfactory bulbs, situated inside the skull. A more clinically relevant source of olfactory ensheathing cells is the(More)
Neurogenesis continues throughout adult life in the mammalian olfactory epithelium. This process is a dynamic state of proliferation, differentiation and cell death, probably regulated by autocrine and paracrine signals such as peptide growth factors. Previous investigations have demonstrated roles for some growth factors in olfactory neurogenesis in vitro,(More)
Disorders in verbal and emotional communication and imitation, social reciprocity and higher order cognition observed in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are presented here as phenotypic expressions of temporo-spatial processing disorders (TSPDs). TSPDs include various degrees of disability in (i) processing multi-sensory dynamic stimuli(More)
Parkinson's disease is a complex disorder characterized by degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra in the brain. Stem cell transplantation is aimed at replacing dopaminergic neurons because the most successful drug therapies affect these neurons and their synaptic targets. We show here that neural progenitors can be grown from the(More)
Epidemiological studies have highlighted a season of birth effect in multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia. As a result, low prenatal vitamin D has been proposed as a candidate risk factor for these brain diseases, with cognitive impairments. In order to further investigate the long-term consequences of a transient gestational hypovitaminosis D, we used a(More)
Transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that overproduce the amyloid beta peptide (Aβ) have highlighted impairments of hippocampal long-term synaptic plasticity associated with the progression of the disease. Here we examined whether the characteristics of one of the hallmarks of AD, i.e. Aβ deposition, in both the somatosensory cortex and the(More)
In two previous in vitro experiments, we have shown that dopamine induced apoptosis or differentiation in an olfactory cell line while it reduced mitosis and triggered cell death in human olfactory biopsy cultures. The aims of the present study were to locate precisely D2 dopamine receptors within the olfactory epithelium and to monitor the effect of(More)