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DNA sequence comparison of 412 base-pairs fragments of the mitochondrial cytochrome B gene was used to infer the genetic structure of nine geographical Triatoma infestans populations and their phylogenetic relationship with T. melanosoma and T. brasiliensis. T. infestans and T. melanosoma were compared by morphometry, allozyme and cytogenetic analyses, as(More)
A survey of natural ecotopes of Triatoma infestans dark morph and other triatomine sylvatic species was performed in an uninhabited area of the Bolivian Chaco. Among the 321 triatomines collected by light trapping, only 4 T. infestans dark morph specimens were identified. Predominant flying species were T. guasayana and T. sordida group 2 (51.7% and 37.1%(More)
A cross section of a human population (501 individuals) selected at random, and living in a Bolivian community, highly endemic for Chagas disease, was investigated combining together clinical, parasitological and molecular approaches. Conventional serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) indicated an active transmission of the infection, a high(More)
For about half of all Chagas disease cases T. infestans has been the responsible vector. Contributing to its genetic knowledge will increase our understanding of the capacity of geographic expansion and domiciliation of triatomines. Populations of all infestans subcomplex species, T. infestans, T. delpontei, T. platensis and T. melanosoma and the so-called(More)
Just over 100 autochthonous cases of Chagas disease are reported from the Brazilian Amazon Basin. Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille) occurs throughout the region and is the known vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, principal zymodeme 3 (Z3) to the armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus. In the small riverine community of Furo do Rio Pau Grande, pigsties adjoining(More)
Specificity of two widespread Trypanosoma cruzi clonal genotypes or "clonets" (20 and 39) was first analyzed by hybridization with a large set of T. cruzi stocks characterized by multigenic study relying on both MLEE and RAPD. Then, these clonets were detected in the blood of Chagasic children from a Bolivian endemic area by a combination of polymerase(More)
The expected success of Chagas disease control programs in the Southern Cone countries relied on the assumption that Triatoma infestans, the main domestic vector, did not maintain silvatic foci except in the Cochabamba valley in Bolivia. Recent fieldwork revealed that wild populations of this vector are much more widespread throughout Bolivia than(More)
American trypanosomiasis is a parasitic zoonosis that occurs throughout Latin America. The etiological agent, Trypanosoma cruzi, is able to infect almost all tissues of its mammalian hosts and spreads in the environment in multifarious transmission cycles that may or not be connected. This biological plasticity, which is probably the result of the(More)
The risk of domestic transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas) by sylvatic triatomines was assessed in an isolated area of the subandean region of Bolivia. None of the 390 residents examined had serological evidence of infection. Two sylvatic triatomine species, Eratyrus mucronatus (Stål) and Triatoma sordida (Stål), were found in houses and in(More)
Eight natural Bolivian populations of two closely related species of Triatominae, Triatoma sordida and T. guasayana, were analysed by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis at 20 loci. Both species were readily separated and no natural hybrid was observed. Among the silvatic sample of T. sordida, strong departure from panmixia within and between loci was(More)