François Niyonsaba

Learn More
Besides their microbicidal functions, human beta-defensins (hBD) and LL-37 activate different immune and inflammatory cells, and their expression is enhanced in inflamed skin and cutaneous wound sites. To protect against pathogens, the skin produces antimicrobial peptides including hBDs and LL-37. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate whether(More)
The mast cell is one of the major effector cells in inflammatory reactions and can be found in most tissues throughout the body. During inflammation, an increase in the number of mast cells in the local milieu occurs, and such accumulation requires directed migration of this cell population. As it has previously been reported that the human(More)
Antimicrobial peptides, human beta-defensins (hBD-1/-2), and LL-37 (a peptide of human cathelicidin CAP18) are predominately expressed at epithelial tissues, where they participate in the innate host defense by killing invading microorganisms. In this study, to investigate the interactions between epithelial cell-derived antimicrobial peptides and mast(More)
Neutrophils are the effector cells in both innate and adaptive immunity, where they perform the functions of phagocytosis and killing of bacteria. They respond to a large number of chemoattractants, but their response to epithelial cell-derived human beta-defensins (hBD) has not been investigated. Here we report that hBD-2, but not hBD-1, is a specific(More)
Mammalian myeloid and epithelial cells express various peptide antibiotics (such as defensins and cathelicidins) that contribute to the innate host defense against invading microorganisms. Among these peptides, human cathelicidin CAP18/LL-37 (L(1) to S(37)) possesses not only potent antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria but(More)
Antimicrobial peptides human beta-defensins (hBD) are mainly produced by epithelia of several organs including skin, and participate in innate immunity by killing invading pathogens. Besides their microbicidal activities, hBD activate several inflammatory and immune cells. Since hBD are generated by tissues where mast cells are present, we hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Skin-derived antimicrobial peptides, such as human β-defensins and cathelicidins, actively contribute to host defense by inactivating microorganisms. Catestatin, a neuroendocrine peptide that affects human autonomic functions, has recently been detected in keratinocytes upon injury/infection where it inhibits the growth of pathogens. Human(More)
Catestatin, a neuroendocrine peptide with effects on human autonomic function, has recently been found to be a cutaneous antimicrobial peptide. Human catestatin exhibits three single nucleotide polymorphisms: Gly364Ser, Pro370Leu and Arg374Gln. Given reports indicating that antimicrobial peptides and neuropeptides induce mast cell activation, we postulated(More)
Simultaneous activation of murine mast cells by monomeric IgE and toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands was examined. Inflammatory cytokine production elicited by the binding of IgE in the absence of antigen, was further enhanced by the addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or peptidoglycan (PGN). Enhancement by LPS or PGN on cytokine production was mediated by(More)