François Meunier

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This paper reports the common occurrence of osteoclasts during normal and experimental bone resorption in a number of teleost fishes. Light-microscopical observations on osteoclasts are presented in resorption areas on perichondral bone (mandibula and pharyngeal jaws of cichlids and vertebrae of gymnotids), on dermal bone (mandibula of salmonids and(More)
In Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, the mineral rate of vertebrae in a given fish varies according to the position of the vertebra along the rachidian axis. Indeed, the mean rate goes from 49% in the anterior vertebrae and raises to 51% in post-truncal vertebrae. Although no significant difference in the mineral rate was noticed between males and females(More)
In order to understand the process of ganoine formation on the ganoid scales, scale regeneration has been studied to overcome the lack of a growth series of scale ontogeny. Seven stages of ganoid scale regeneration have been defined over a period of five months in the polypterid fish Calamoichthys calabaricus. The study has been carried out using(More)
In this work, we present the first ultrastructural evidences of actinotrichia in the Coelacanth Latimeria. We describe its actinotrichia with the electron microscope (SEM and TEM) and compare their structure to Teleost actinotrichia. Both elements present similar fine structure, i.e. a periodic cross-striation of 60-65 nm; the plesiomorphic character of(More)
Isopedin is a network of collagen bundles present in the scales of most fishes. The scales of coelacanths show a remarkable three-dimensional arrangement of this network which is similar to a regularly twisted plywood. The successive fibrous layers cross at an angle which differs slightly from a right angle. It results that the whole system is twisted. The(More)
The present work is devoted to the organization and ultrastructure of the fin rays or camptotrichia of two living Dipnoi (lungfishes) Protopterus and Neoceratodus. In both species, these rods have a dual structure: only the superficial region facing the stratified epidermis is mineralized while the deep one is made of a dense unmineralized network of(More)
Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) present an original coaxial geometry in which the inner wall is naturally protected from the environment by the outer wall. Covalent functionalization is introduced here as an effective approach to investigate DWNT devices. Performed using an aryldiazonium salt, the functionalization is reversible upon thermal(More)
The structure of the bony tubercles of the turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L., 1758), was examined using ground sections, microradiography, SEM, and TEM. The tubercles are small, isolated, mineralized conical plates randomly distributed in the eyed side of the body. They are composed of three layers: the outer limiting layer, the external layer, and the basal(More)
We designed a near infrared tunable resonance Raman spectroscopy system based on a tandem of thick volume Bragg gratings (VBGs). VBGs are here the constituents of two light filtering units: a tunable laser line filter (LLF) and a tunable notch filter (NF). When adapted in a micro-Raman setup with a single stage monochromator (1800 gr/mm grating), the tandem(More)