François Messier

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In this article I examine moose-wolf interactions over a broad spectrum of moose densities with the primary objective to test empirically whether wolf predation can regulate moose numbers. I also present four conceptual models of moose population dynamics and outline their specific predictions. Based on 27 studies where moose were the dominant prey species,(More)
While some prey species possess an innate recognition of their predators, others require learning to recognize their predators. The specific characteristics of the predators that prey learn and whether prey can generalize this learning to similar predatory threats have been virtually ignored. Here, we investigated whether fathead minnows that learned to(More)
The relationship between individual performance and nonrandom use of habitat is fundamental to ecology; however, empirical tests of this relationship remain limited, especially for higher orders of selection like that of the home range. We quantified the association between lifetime reproductive success (LRS) and variables describing lifetime home ranges(More)
Many aquatic species use chemosensory information to assess predation risk. The cues used in such risk assessment can come either from the predator (predator odour) or from injured prey (alarm cues). The information conveyed through chemicals may, however, be inaccurate both spatially and temporally, as chemicals may persist in the environment long after(More)
Most research on the effects of exposure to stressful stimuli during embryonic development has focused on post-embryonic behaviour that appears to be abnormal or maladaptive. Here, we tested whether exposure to some stressful stimuli (predatory cues) can lead to post-embryonic behaviour that is adaptive. When eggs of ringed salamanders (Ambystoma annulatum)(More)
Researchers and wildlife managers increasingly find themselves in situations where they must deal with infectious wildlife diseases such as chronic wasting disease, brucellosis, tuberculosis, and West Nile virus. Managers are often charged with designing and implementing control strategies, and researchers often seek to determine factors that influence and(More)
We investigated the influence of ice conditions on activity and movement patterns of polar bears in the CanadianWest Greenland Arctic. We used radiotelemetry data gathered over 11 years (1989–99) from 160 adult female polar bears to test for differences in movement and activity of bears inhabiting active ice and consolidated ice. Bears inhabiting active ice(More)
Using resource selection functions, we examined habitat selection patterns of barren-ground grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in the central Canadian Arctic among and within home ranges. There was no difference between the sexes with regard to habitat selection patterns at the home range level (Wilks' λ, approx. F 11,11=1.27, P=0.37). Bear home ranges contain(More)
Despite the importance of acquired predator recognition in mediating predator–prey interactions, we know little about the specific characteristics that prey use to distinguish predators from non-predators. Recent experiments with mammals and fish indicate that some prey lacking innate predator recognition have the ability to display anti-predator responses(More)
The microbial transformation of DDT, DDD and DDE was studied in Gram-negative strain B-206 and a number of phenolic metabolites were identified as the trimethylsilyl derivatives in the bacterial extracts by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The major metabolites of DDT were DDD, DDE, DDMU, 1,1,1-trichloro-2-(2-hydroxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-(4'-chlorophenyl)(More)