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Over the past decade, bipolar electrochemistry has emerged from relative obscurity to provide a promising new means for integrating electrochemistry into lab-on-a-chip systems. This article describes the fundamental operating principles of bipolar electrodes, as well as several interesting applications.
We described an electrochemical method to monitor in real-time the isothermal helicase-dependent amplification of nucleic acids. The principle of detection is simple and well-adapted to the development of portable, easy-to-use and inexpensive nucleic acids detection technologies. It consists of monitoring a decrease in the electrochemical current response… (More)
We report a two-channel microelectrochemical sensor that communicates between separate sensing and reporting microchannels via one or more bipolar electrodes (BPEs). Depending on the contents of each microchannel and the voltage applied across the BPE, faradaic reactions may be activated simultaneously in both channels. As presently configured, one end of… (More)
We report a microelectrochemical array composed of 1000 individual bipolar electrodes that are controlled with just two driving electrodes and a simple power supply. The system is configured so that faradaic processes occurring at the cathode end of each electrode are correlated to light emission via electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) at the anode… (More)
Here we report a simple design philosophy, based on the principles of bipolar electrochemistry, for the operation of microelectrochemical integrated circuits. The inputs for these systems are simple voltage sources, but because they do not require much power they could be activated by chemical or biological reactions. Device output is an optical signal… (More)
A simple and fast electrochemical nucleic acid assay based on a target recycling strategy and the release of a double-stranded DNA intercalating redox probe upon digestion of a specific duplex by exonuclease III is demonstrated.
We report an electrochemical DNA microarray sensor whose function is controlled with just two wires regardless of the number of individual sensing electrodes. The bipolar sensing electrode is modified with probe DNA, and the anode end of each electrode is configured to emit light (electrogenerated chemiluminescence) upon hybridization of cDNA labeled with… (More)
Thanks to its insensitivity to dioxygen and to its good catalytic reactivity, and in spite of its poor substrate selectivity, quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH) plays a prominent role among the redox enzymes that can be used for analytical purposes, such as glucose detection, enzyme-based bioaffinity assays, and the design of biofuel cells. A… (More)
A new electrochemical methodology is reported for monitoring in homogeneous solution the enantiospecific binding of a small chiral analyte to an aptamer. The principle relies on the difference of diffusion rates between the targeted molecule and the aptamer/target complex, and thus on the ability to more easily electrochemically detect the former over the… (More)
The two articles in this series are dedicated to bioaffinity electrodes with in situ detection of the product of the enzyme label after recognition by its conjugate immobilized on the electrode. Part 1 was devoted to direct electrochemical detection, whereas the present contribution deals with homogeneous chemical and enzymatic amplification of the primary… (More)