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Expression of bone proteins resulting from transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells into osteoblasts suggests that vascular calcifications are a bioactive process. Regulating molecules such as osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) could play a key role in bone-vascular calcification imbalance. This study(More)
Experiments were designed to localize the central sites of action of melatonin involved in the control of seasonal reproduction. Ewes were exposed to long days and received microimplants of melatonin in the preoptic area (n = 9), anterior hypothalamus (n = 4), dorsolateral hypothalamus (n = 4), or mediobasal hypothalamus (n = 12). The effects of implants(More)
The pineal hormone, melatonin, transduces photoperiodic information to the neuroendocrine axis of seasonally breeding mammals to regulate reproduction. It is not known where or how melatonin achieves this effect, but the recent identification of the pars tuberalis (PT) as the area with the highest density of melatonin binding sites suggests that this(More)
Formaldehyde (F) elicits contact dermatitis and asthma in subjects who are exposed to this chemical when it is applied on the skin or inhaled. An immediate-type hypersensitivity reaction was never confirmed in these reactions. F is widely used in hemodialysis to sterilize adhesives, surgical devices, or reconditioned dialyzers. A 20-year-old woman who was(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation and malnutrition are recognized as important risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Owing to substantial short-term variability of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), more reliable markers of malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome should be sought with stronger associations with the risk of CVD(More)
An experiment was designed to determine whether the pars tuberalis is the site of action of melatonin involved in the photoperiodic control of LH and prolactin secretion in sheep. In an attempt to produce a 'short-day' effect on these hormones (i.e. stimulation of LH secretion and inhibition of prolactin release), microimplants of melatonin were placed(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Inflammation-induced atherosclerosis and enhanced susceptibility to infection are linked to immune dysfunction and account for an important part of mortality in hemodialysis patients. This 4-yr prospective study aimed to use cytokine proteomic determination for predicting cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in(More)
Thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the leading cause of vascular access (VA) loss usually due to silent stenosis. Therefore, assessment of relevant risk factors of VA monitoring may provide insight into potential therapeutic targets for stenosis and thrombosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cardiovascular risk factors(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) levels are considered an important diagnostic tool in acute coronary events. They could be of predictive value in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the relationship between cTnI and the HD-induced inflammatory state remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic relevance to all-cause and(More)