Learn More
The International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) is in the process of updating its Recommendations for clinical practice published in 1999. These new recommendations dedicated to somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) update the methodological aspects and general clinical applications of standard SEPs, and introduce new sections dedicated to(More)
Turning attention towards or away from a painful heat stimulus is known to modify both the subjective intensity of pain and the cortical evoked potentials to noxious stimuli. Using PET, we investigated in 12 volunteers whether pain-related regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes were also modulated by attention. High (mean 46.6 degrees C) or low (mean(More)
METHODS Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to the subject's own name and to seven other first names were recorded in ten normal adults during wakefulness, in both passive listening and active detection conditions, and during sleep stage II (SII) and paradoxical sleep (PS). All stimuli were disyllabic, equiprobable and presented in random order. RESULTS(More)
Cortical areas responsive to somatosensory inputs were assessed by recording somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEF) to electrical stimulation of the left median nerve at wrist, using a 122-SQUID neuromagnetometer in various conditions of stimulus rate, attentional demand and detection task. Source modelling combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
The somatosensory evoked potential negative components in the 100-150-ms range were studied under conditions where attention was directed either toward or away from the probe stimulus. An N120 component, not sensitive to spatial attention, appeared in all conditions, including the no-task condition. Its distribution was consistent with an origin in the(More)
The functional anatomy of perceptual and semantic processings for odors was studied using positron emission tomography (PET). The first experiment was a pretest in which 71 normal subjects were asked to rate 185 odorants in terms of intensity, familiarity, hedonicity, and comestibility and to name the odorants. This pretest was necessary to select the most(More)
In this study we used a repeated measures design and univariate analysis of variance to study the respective effects of ISI, spatial attention and stimulus detection on the strengths of the sources previously identified by modelling SEFs during the 200 ms following mentally counted left median nerve stimuli delivered at long and random ISIs (Part I). We(More)
Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to frequent (90%) and deviant (10%) tones were recorded during both wakefulness and all-night sleep in eight drug-free volunteers. During presleep waking (10:00-11:00 p.m.), deviant stimuli elicited, in all subjects, a prominent "P300" wave of parieto-central topography, culminating at 344 ms (average), which was absent in(More)
The aim of our study was to assess abnormalities in 5-hydroxytryptamine-1A (5-HT1A) receptor density in patients suffering from refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Experimental data in animals show that 5-HT1A receptors are predominantly located in limbic areas, and that serotonin, via these receptors, mediates an antiepileptic and anticonvulsant(More)