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Obesity is heritable and predisposes to many diseases. To understand the genetic basis of obesity better, here we conduct a genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals. This analysis identifies 97 BMI-associated loci (P < 5 ×(More)
Levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol are heritable, modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease. To identify new loci and refine known loci influencing these lipids, we examined 188,577 individuals using genome-wide and custom genotyping arrays. We(More)
Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, or statins, are effective lipid-lowering agents, extensively used in medical practice. Statins have never been shown to be involved in the immune response, although a report has indicated a better outcome of cardiac transplantation in patients under Pravastatin therapy. Major(More)
Triglycerides are transported in plasma by specific triglyceride-rich lipoproteins; in epidemiological studies, increased triglyceride levels correlate with higher risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, it is unclear whether this association reflects causal processes. We used 185 common variants recently mapped for plasma lipids (P < 5 × 10(-8)(More)
Increasing evidence supports involvement of inflammation and immunity in atherogenesis. We report here that CD40 ligand (CD40L), an immunoregulatory signaling molecule heretofore considered largely restricted to recently activated CD4+ T lymphocytes, is expressed by human vascular endothelial cells (EC), smooth muscle cells (SMC), and human macrophages in(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence supports the involvement of inflammation and immunity in atherogenesis as well as the role of autoimmunity to heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the progression of atherosclerosis. Mucosal administration of autoantigens decreases organ-specific inflammation and disease in several models of autoimmunity (diabetes, arthritis, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the diagnostic accuracies of anti-apolipoproteinA-1 (anti-ApoA-1) IgG and anti-phosphorylcholine (anti-PC) IgM alone, expressed as a ratio (anti-ApoA-1 IgG/anti-PC IgM), and combined with the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) score for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (NSTEMI-TIMI score) to create a(More)
Statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) are one of the principal reasons for statin non-adherence and/or discontinuation, contributing to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) Consensus Panel overviews current understanding of the pathophysiology of statin-associated myopathy, and provides guidance for diagnosis and(More)
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip(More)
Biologic activity of IL-1 beta requires processing of the inactive precursor, a function generally ascribed to IL-1 beta-converting enzyme (caspase-1). However, alternative mechanisms of IL-1 beta activation have been postulated in local inflammatory reactions. Expression of IL-1 beta and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) frequently occurs simultaneously at(More)