François Lavelle

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Taxotere (RP 56976; NSC 628503; N-debenzoyl-N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-10-deacetyl taxol) is a new microtubule stabilizing agent. It is obtained by semisynthesis from a noncytotoxic precursor extracted from the needles of the tree, Taxus baccata L. Taxotere was evaluated for antitumor activity against a variety of transplantable tumors of mice. Taxotere had no(More)
Docetaxel is a taxoid which is currently in phase II/III clinical trials in Europe, the US and Japan. It was found to promote tubulin assembly in microtubules and to inhibit their depolymerization. In vitro, the docetaxel concentrations required to reduce murine and human cell survival by 50% ranged from 4 to 35 ng/ml and the cytotoxic effects were greater(More)
Progress in cancer chemotherapy has been made owing to the discovery and development of drugs that have new structures, new mechanisms of action, and high levels of experimental antitumor activity. Docetaxel (Taxotere; Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Antony, France) is prepared by semisynthesis from 10-deacetyl baccatin III, an inactive taxoid precursor extracted from(More)
PURPOSE Taxanes are important chemotherapeutic agents with proven efficacy in human cancers, but their use is limited by resistance development. We report here the preclinical characteristics of cabazitaxel (XRP6258), a semisynthetic taxane developed to overcome taxane resistance. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Cabazitaxel effects on purified tubulin and on(More)
8-Carbamoyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H) -one (mitozolomide) demonstrates curative action against a range of murine tumor model systems. At single doses of between 20 and 40 mg/kg, the latter of which approximates the 10% lethal dose value in mice, the compound elicited cures against the L1210 and P388 leukemias irrespective of the(More)
CPT-11 (irinotecan) is a water-soluble analogue of camptothecin (CPT), an antitumor drug extracted from the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata. SN-38 is an active metabolite of CPT-11 that contributes significantly to its activity. The antitumor effects of CPT-11 and SN-38 are exerted through a novel mechanism of action; inhibition of DNA topoisomerase I.(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 plays a central role in the cellular response to genotoxic lesions and has been shown to be activated by most anticancer agents such as mitomycin C. We here show that mitomycin C treatment of human MCF7 breast adenocarcinoma cells results in increased topoisomerase I activity as measured by relaxation of supercoiled DNA and(More)
Fe(III) complexes of two anthracyclines, adriamycin and daunorubicin, have been studied. Using potentiometric and spectroscopic measurements, we have shown that adriamycin and daunorubicin form two well-defined species with Fe(III), which can be formulated as respectively Fe(HAd)3 and Fe(HDr)3. In these formulas, HAd and HDr stand for adriamycin and(More)
Human topoisomerase IIIalpha (hTopo IIIalpha), the recently identified first member of the topoisomerase IA subfamily in humans, has a central domain which is highly homologous to the yeast topoisomerase III, but an overall organization closer to that of Escherichia coli DNA topoisomerase I. In order to determine the properties of hTopo IIIalpha, compared(More)
Intoplicine (RP 60475, NSC 645008) is an antitumor derivative in the 7H-benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole series which is now being tested in clinical trials. Intoplicine strongly binds DNA (KA = 2 x 10(5) M-1) and thereby increases the length of linear DNA. These properties are consistent with DNA unwinding by intoplicine. Intoplicine was found to be a dual(More)