François Lavaste

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Close collaboration between multidisciplinary specialists (physicists, biomecanical engineers, medical radiologists and pediatric orthopedic surgeons) has led to the development of a new low-dose radiation device named EOS. EOS has three main advantages: The use of a gaseous X-ray detector, invented by Georges Charpak (Nobel Prizewinner 1992), the dose(More)
A three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction algorithm based on contours identification from biplanar radiographs is presented. It requires, as technical prerequisites, a method to calibrate the biplanar radiographic environment and a surface generic object (anatomic atlas model) representing the structure to be reconstructed. The reconstruction steps consist(More)
In order to study the biomechanical behavior of the whole human spine and thorax, as well as orthopaedic treatment effects, a new generation model is proposed, which includes a precise functional representation of the posterior part of the spine, while respecting computational capabilities. This paper presents the geometrical aspects of this model. The(More)
This is the first report of clinical and radiologic outcomes for the CHARITE artificial disc with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. A total of 107 patients indicated for total lumbar disc replacement were implanted with the CHARITE prosthesis. Of these 107, 100 were followed for a minimum of 10 years (range 10-13.4 years). A total of 147 prostheses were(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify characteristics of upper-body kinematics and torque transmission to the ground during locomotion in a group of patients with transfemoral amputation as compared with a group of asymptomatic subjects; and to investigate the influence of walking velocity and residual limb length on several characteristics of upper-body motion. DESIGN(More)
STUDY DESIGN A combined in vitro and finite-element analysis was completed to assess the biomechanical effect of a new interspinous implant on the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate the effect of an interspinous implant on the biomechanical behavior of a vertebral segment. METHODS An in vitro study on L3-L5 segments from fresh human(More)
The sagittal shape of the spine, particularly its sagittal balance, currently is being extensively investigated. The major purpose of this study is to examine the measurement repeatability of SpineView software, which calculates 13 independent variables, to shorten and facilitate the measurement of lateral spinal radiographs; another purpose is to collect(More)
The main objective of this study is to design a three-dimensional geometrical and mechanical finite element model of the lumbar spine. The model's geometry is constructed using six parameters per vertebra. These parameters are digitized from two X-rays (anterio-posterior and lateral), thus yielding an individualized model which can be arrived at from the(More)
We determined the range of sizes for a system of monoblock femoral prostheses that would provide adequate (a term defined in the text) fill in the frontal plane and restore femoral offset and leg length. We performed an anatomic study, based on measurements in 200 anteroposterior pelvic radiographs. If diaphyseal filling implants are to be used, 9 sizes are(More)
Using a specialized orthopedic software package, the authors investigated the sagittal spinal shape and the position of the pelvis in the space in patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis and in persons with no such symptoms. Digitized lateral spinal radiographs of 30 healthy volunteers and 48 patients were evaluated. The absolute values and significant(More)