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BACKGROUND In July 2006, a lasting and severe heat wave occurred in Western Europe. Since the 2003 heat wave, several preventive measures and an alert system aiming at reducing the risks related to high temperatures have been set up in France by the health authorities and institutions. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of those measures, the observed(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance and complication rate of CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy of pulmonary lesions using a coaxial automated biopsy device and to determine factors influencing the false negative rate for the diagnosis of malignancy. A prospective study of 605 consecutive biopsies performed in 595 patients was(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer has the highest mortality-rate per cancer, with an overall 5-year survival <15%. Several non-randomized studies pointed out the high sensitivity of low dose computed tomography (LDCT) to detect early stage lung cancer. In France, Depiscan, a pilot RCT of LDCT versus chest X-ray (CXR), started on October 2002 to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic progressive disorder with a poor prognosis. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter study that assessed the effectiveness over one year of a high oral dose of acetylcysteine (600 mg three times daily) added to standard therapy with prednisone plus azathioprine.(More)
BACKGROUND We designed a prospective multicentre outcome study to evaluate a diagnostic strategy based on clinical probability, spiral CT, and venous compression ultrasonography of the legs in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). The main aim was to assess the safety of withholding anticoagulant treatment in patients with low or intermediate(More)
PURPOSE To compare the accuracy and complication rate of two different CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy techniques: fine needle aspiration and an automated biopsy device. METHODS Two consecutive series of respectively 125 (group A) and 98 (group B) biopsies performed using 20-22 gauge coaxial fine needle aspiration (group A) and an automated 19.5(More)
OBJECTIVES From August 1st to 20th, 2003, the mean maximum temperature in France exceeded the seasonal norm by 11-12 degrees C on nine consecutive days. A major increase in mortality was then observed, which main epidemiological features are described herein. METHODS The number of deaths observed from August to November 2003 in France was compared to(More)
The epidemiology of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) in Africa is poorly documented. From January 2007 to March 2008, 555 S. aureus isolates were collected from five African towns in Cameroon, Madagascar, Morocco, Niger, and Senegal; among these, 456 unique isolates were susceptible to methicillin. Approximately 50% of the MSSA isolates(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Non-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis by elastography is a rapidly developing field with frequent technological innovations. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performances of Supersonic Shear Imaging (SSI) for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in chronic liver disease. METHODS A total of 349 consecutive patients with(More)
Two regions of the gene coding for 16S rRNA in Nocardia species were selected as genus-specific primer sequences for a PCR assay. The PCR protocol was tested with 60 strains of clinically relevant Nocardia isolates and type strains. It gave positive results for all strains tested. Conversely, the PCR assay was negative for all tested species belonging to(More)