François LaPlante

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The medial septum-diagonal band complex (MSDB) contains cholinergic and non-cholinergic neurons known to play key roles in learning and memory processing, and in the generation of hippocampal theta rhythm. Electrophysiologically, several classes of neurons have been described in the MSDB, but their chemical identity remains to be fully established. By(More)
By its projections to the primary visual and the prefrontal cortices, the basal forebrain cholinergic system is involved in cognitive processing of sensory stimuli. It has been suggested that visual stimulus-induced cholinergic activation of the visual cortex may exert a permissive role on thalamocortical inputs. However, it is not known if visual(More)
This paper introduces a method based on graph theory and operations research techniques to optimize learning path discovery. In this method, learning objects are considered as nodes and competencies as vertices of a learning graph. A first step consists in reducing the solution space by obtaining an induced subgraph H. In a second step, the search of an(More)
Excitotoxic neonatal ventral hippocampus (NVH) lesions in rats result in characteristic post-pubertal hyper-responsiveness to stress and cognitive abnormalities analogous to those described in schizophrenia and suggestive of alterations in dopamine (DA) neurotransmission. Converging lines of evidence also point to dysfunctions in the cortical cholinergic(More)
Excitotoxic lesion of the ventral hippocampus in neonatal rats is a putative animal model of schizophrenia with characteristic developmental abnormalities in dopaminergic neurotransmission and prefrontal cortical functions. Converging evidence also points to the involvement of the central cholinergic system in neuropsychiatric disorders. These two(More)
Activation of the dopamine D1-like receptor stimulates acetylcholine (ACh) release in the hippocampus, apparently through the molecularly defined d5 receptor. In the present study, we used a transgenic mouse completely deprived of functional d5 receptor (d5-/-) to confirm the role and elucidate the possible function of the d5 receptor subtype on hippocampal(More)
The indusium griseum (IG) and anterior hippocampal continuation (AHC) are longitudinal and continuous structures that consist of two narrow strips of gray matter overlying the rostrocaudal length of the corpus callosum, extending rostrally to the genu of the corpus callosum and ventrally to the rostrum. The present study aimed to characterize the phenotype(More)
Birth complications involving reduced oxygen to the fetus pose risks for neurodevelopmental disorders like schizophrenia and ADHD, which involve central dopamine (DA) dysfunction and also show gender differences in incidence or severity. Here, we examine possible sex differences in the long-term consequences of perinatal anoxia in the rat, on central DA(More)
Excitotoxic neonatal ventral hippocampal (NVH) lesion in rats is considered as a putative animal model of schizophrenia as lesioned animals show characteristic post-pubertal emergence of neurochemical and behavioral abnormalities analogous to some of those seen in this disease. Converging evidence points to the involvement of central cholinergic system in(More)