François J.-M. Chartier

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Drosophila melanogaster Crumbs (Crb) and its mammalian orthologues (CRB1-3) share evolutionarily conserved but poorly defined roles in regulating epithelial polarity and, in photoreceptor cells, morphogenesis and stability. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms of Crb function is vital, as mutations in the human CRB1 gene cause retinal dystrophies. Here, we(More)
During epithelial cell polarization, Yurt (Yrt) is initially confined to the lateral membrane and supports the stability of this membrane domain by repressing the Crumbs-containing apical machinery. At late stages of embryogenesis, the apical recruitment of Yrt restricts the size of the apical membrane. However, the molecular basis sustaining the(More)
We have used resonance Raman spectroscopy to probe the heme environment of a recently discovered NOS from the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, named SANOS. We detect two forms of the CO complex in the absence of L-arginine, with nu(Fe-CO) at 482 and 497 cm(-1) and nu(C-O) at 1949 and 1930 cm(-1), respectively. Similarly to mammalian NOS, the(More)
We report the characterization by resonance Raman spectroscopy of the oxygenated complex (Fe(II)O(2)) of nitric-oxide synthases of Staphylococcus aureus (saNOS) and Bacillus subtilis (bsNOS) saturated with N(omega)-hydroxy-l-arginine. The frequencies of the nu(Fe-O) and nu(O-O) modes were 530 and 1135 cm(-), respectively, in both the presence and absence of(More)
Little is known about the intermediates formed during catalysis by nitric-oxide synthase (NOS). We report here the characterization by resonance Raman spectroscopy of the oxygenated complex of the NOS from Staphylococcus aureus (saNOS) as well as the kinetics of formation and decay of the complex. An oxygenated complex transiently formed after mixing(More)
We report here the resonance Raman spectra of the FeIII-NO and FeII-NO complexes of the bacterial NOSs (nitric oxide synthases) from Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis. The haem-NO complexes of these bacterial NOSs displayed Fe-N-O frequencies similar to those of the mammalian NOSs, in presence and absence of L-arginine, indicating that haem-bound(More)
The morphometric parameters of epithelial tubes are critical to the physiology and homeostasis of most organs. In addition, many human diseases are associated with tube-size defects. Here, we show that Rac1 limits epithelial tube elongation in the developing fly trachea by promoting Rab5-dependent endocytosis of the apical determinant Crumbs. Rac1 is also(More)
HER2/ErbB2 is overexpressed in a significant fraction of breast tumours and is associated with a poor prognosis. The adaptor protein GRB2 interacts directly with activated HER2 and is sufficient to transmit oncogenic signals. However, the consequence of HER2 activation on global GRB2 signalling networks is poorly characterized. We performed GRB2 affinity(More)
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