François Hug

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This pilot study was designed to determine whether the shear elastic modulus measured using supersonic shear imaging can be used to accurately estimate muscle activity level. Using direct visual feedback of torque, six healthy subjects were asked to perform two incremental isometric elbow flexions, consisting of linear torque ramps of 30 s from 0 to 40% of(More)
The first aim of this study was to verify the occurrence of the EMG threshold (EMG (Th)) in each of eight lower limb muscles (vastus lateralis [VL], vatus medialis [VM], rectus femoris [RF], semimembranosus [SM], biceps femoris [BF], gastrocnemius lateralis [GL] and medialis [GM], and tibialis anterior [TA]) during incremental cycling exercise. The second(More)
We questioned whether electromyographic (EMG) signs of neuromuscular fatigue accompany the changes in respiratory variables measured at the ventilatory threshold (VTh) during exercise on a cycloergometer. This was based on the assumption that the activation of muscle afferents sensitive to accumulation of lactate and potassium is suspected to elicit both(More)
Although pedaling is constrained by the circular trajectory of the pedals, it is not a simple movement. This review attempts to provide an overview of the pedaling technique using an electromyographic (EMG) approach. Literature concerning the electromyographic analysis of pedaling is reviewed in an effort to make a synthesis of the available information,(More)
The passive elastic properties of a muscle-tendon complex are usually estimated from the relationship between the joint angle and the passive resistive torque, although the properties of the different structures crossing the joint cannot be easily assessed. This study aimed to determine the passive mechanical properties of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle(More)
Electromechanical delay (EMD) represents the time lag between muscle activation and muscle force production and is used to assess muscle function in healthy and pathological subjects. There is no experimental methodology to quantify the actual contribution of each series elastic component structures that together contribute to the EMD. We designed the(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that bicycle training may improve the relationship between the global SEMG energy and VO2. We already showed close adjustment of the root mean square (RMS) of the surface electromyogram (SEMG) to the oxygen uptake (VO2) during cycling exercise in untrained subjects. Because in these circumstances an altered(More)
The temporal relationship between the electromyographic (EMG) and ventilatory thresholds was investigated during incremental exercise performed by eight professional road cyclists. The exercise, performed on a cycloergometer, started at 100 W with successive increments of 26 W·min−1 until exhaustion. Gas exchange and the root mean square value of EMG (RMS)(More)
Exercise-induced fatigue causes changes within the central nervous system that decrease force production capacity in fatigued muscles. The impact on unrelated, non-exercised muscle performance is still unclear. The primary aim of this study was to examine the impact of a bilateral forearm muscle contraction on the motor function of the distal and unrelated(More)
Although a number of studies have been devoted to the analysis of the activity pattern of the muscles involved in pedaling in sedentary subjects and/or amateur cyclists, data on professional cyclists are scarce and the issue of inter-individual differences has never been addressed in detail. In the present series of experiments, we performed a non-invasive(More)