François Hamy

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One of the first steps in HIV gene expression is the recruitment of Tat protein to the transcription machinery after its binding to the RNA response element TAR. Starting from a pool of 3.2 x 10(6) individual chemical entities, we were able to select a hybrid peptoid/peptide oligomer of 9 residues (CGP64222) that was able to block the formation of the(More)
The main transcriptional regulator of the human immunodeficiency virus, the Tat protein, recognizes and binds to a small structured RNA element at the 5' end of every viral mRNA, termed TAR. On the basis of published structural data of the molecular interactions between TAR and Tat-related peptides, we defined requirements for potential low-molecular weight(More)
The binding site for tat protein on TAR RNA has been defined in quantitative terms using an extensive series of mutations. The relative dissociation constants for the mutant TAR RNAs were measured using a dual-label competition filter binding assay in which 35S-labelled wild-type TAR RNA (K1) was competed against 3H-labelled mutant TAR RNA (K2). The error(More)
We previously reported that retinoids were inducing a complete switch in the expression of two isoforms from the fgf8 gene. In order to gain insight into the transcriptional mechanisms possibly involved in this regulation, we cloned and sequenced a fragment of genomic DNA encompassing 6 kb of the region 5' upstream of the fgf8 coding sequence and(More)
The HIV-1 regulatory proteins tat and rev are both RNA binding proteins which recognize sequences in duplex RNA which are close to structural distortions. Here we identify phosphate contacts which are critical for each binding reaction by use of a new method. Model RNA binding sites are constructed carrying substitutions of individual phosphodiesters by(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variation in the HIV-1 pol gene, which encodes the main targets for anti-HIV drugs, may favors different susceptibility and resistance pathways to antiretroviral agents. Several amino acid substitutions occur frequently in some non-B viruses at positions associated with drug resistance in clade B viruses. The clinical relevance of those(More)
The peptoid CGP64222 has been previously demonstrated to inhibit the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Tat/transactivation response element complex formation. It has previously been shown that CGP64222 selectively inhibits HIV-1 long terminal repeat-driven gene expression and HIV-1(LAV) replication in lymphocytes. Here, we show that CGP64222 inhibits the(More)
Novel highly potent CXCR4 inhibitors with good pharmacokinetic properties were designed and optimized starting from the naturally occurring beta-hairpin peptide polyphemusin II. The design involved incorporating important residues from polyphemusin II into a macrocyclic template-bound beta-hairpin mimetic. Using a parallel synthesis approach, the potency(More)
The transactivation response region (TAR) RNA is an essential component in transcriptional regulation of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) genome. We have examined the interaction between TAR RNA and the bisbenzimidazole derivative Hoechst 33258. Previous studies have shown that this drug, which is well known as an AT-selective DNA minor(More)
OBJECTIVE Particularly for therapy-experienced patients, resistance assessment by genotypic or phenotypic methods produces discordances. This study seeks proof that differences may arise from the fact that genotyping produces a single summary sequence whereas replicative phenotyping (rPhenotyping) functionally detects and assigns resistances in mixed HIV(More)