François Guyot

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We measured the spin state of iron in magnesium silicate perovskite (Mg(0.9),Fe(0.1))SiO(3) at high pressure and found two electronic transitions occurring at 70 gigapascals and at 120 gigapascals, corresponding to partial and full electron pairing in iron, respectively. The proportion of iron in the low spin state thus grows with depth, increasing the(More)
We measured the spin state of iron in ferropericlase (Mg0.83Fe0.17)O at high pressure and found a high-spin to low-spin transition occurring in the 60- to 70-gigapascal pressure range, corresponding to depths of 2000 kilometers in Earth's lower mantle. This transition implies that the partition coefficient of iron between ferropericlase and magnesium(More)
Chains of magnetosomes extracted from AMB-1 magnetotactic bacteria are shown to be highly efficient for cancer therapy when they are exposed to an alternative magnetic field. When a suspension containing MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells was incubated in the presence of various amounts of extracted chains of magnetosomes, the viability of these cells remained(More)
Little is known about the production of exopolysaccharides (EPS) in cyanobacteria, and there are no genetic and physiological evidences that EPS are involved in cell protection against the frequently encountered environmental stresses caused by salt and metals. We studied four presumptive EPS production genes, sll0923, sll1581, slr1875 and sll5052, in the(More)
The dispersion of longitudinal acoustic phonons was measured by inelastic x-ray scattering in the hexagonal closed-packed (hcp) structure of iron from 19 to 110 gigapascals. Phonon dispersion curves were recorded on polycrystalline iron compressed in a diamond anvil cell, revealing an increase of the longitudinal wave velocity (VP) from 7000 to 8800 meters(More)
We describe a method based on fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) that allows the identification of individual cells by electron microscopy. We hybridised universal and specific fluorescein-labelled oligonucleotide probes to the ribosomal RNA of prokaryotic microorganisms in heterogeneous cell mixtures. We then used antibodies against fluorescein(More)
In phosphate-rich environments, vivianite (Fe(II)(3)(PO(4))(2), 8H(2)O) is an important sink for dissolved Fe(II) and is considered as a very stable mineral due to its low solubility at neutral pH. In the present study, we report the mineralogical transformation of vivianite in cultures of the nitrate-reducing iron-oxidizing bacterial strain BoFeN1 in the(More)
The global geochemical carbon cycle involves exchanges between the Earth's interior and the surface. Carbon is recycled into the mantle via subduction mainly as carbonates and is released to the atmosphere via volcanism mostly as CO(2). The stability of carbonates versus decarbonation and melting is therefore of great interest for understanding the global(More)
Chains of magnetosomes isolated from Magnetospirillum magneticum strain AMB-1 magnetotactic bacteria by sonication at 30 W during 2 h are tested for magnetic hyperthermia treatment of tumors. These chains are composed of magnetosomes, which are bound to each other by a filament made of proteins. When they are incubated in the presence of cancer cells and(More)
Lake Van harbors the largest known microbialites on Earth. The surface of these huge carbonate pinnacles is covered by coccoid cyanobacteria whereas their central axis is occupied by a channel through which neutral, relatively Ca-enriched, groundwater flows into highly alkaline (pH ~9.7) Ca-poor lake water. Previous microscopy observations showed the(More)