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Cardiolipin is a mitochondrion-specific phospholipid that stabilizes the assembly of respiratory chain complexes, favoring full-yield operation. It also mediates key steps in apoptosis. In Barth syndrome, an X chromosome-linked cardiomyopathy caused by tafazzin mutations, cardiolipins display acyl chain modifications and are present at abnormally low(More)
Cardiolipin (CL) is a mitochondria-specific phospholipid which is known to be intimately linked with the mitochondrial bioenergetic machinery. Accumulating evidence now suggests that this unique lipid also has active roles in several of the mitochondria-dependent steps of apoptosis. CL is closely associated with cytochrome c at the outer leaflet of the(More)
Cardiolipin is a mitochondria-specific phospholipid known to be intimately involved with apoptosis. However, the lack of appropriate cellular models to date restricted analysis of its role in cell death. The maturation of cardiolipin requires the transacylase tafazzin, which is mutated in the human disorder Barth syndrome. Using Barth syndrome(More)
Caspase-8 stably inserts into the mitochondrial outer membrane during extrinsic apoptosis. Inhibition of caspase-8 enrichment on the mitochondria impairs caspase-8 activation and prevents apoptosis. However, the function of active caspase-8 on the mitochondrial membrane remains unknown. In this study, we have identified a native complex containing caspase-8(More)
TNFR1/Fas engagement results in the cleavage of cytosolic Bid to truncated Bid (tBid), which translocates to mitochondria. We demonstrate that recombinant tBid induces in vitro immediate destabilization of the mitochondrial bioenergetic homeostasis. These alterations result in mild uncoupling of mitochondrial state-4 respiration, associated with an(More)
The apoptotic effector Bid regulates cell death at the level of mitochondria. Under its native state, Bid is a soluble cytosolic protein that undergoes proteolysis and yields a 15 kDa-activated form tBid (truncated Bid). tBid translocates to mitochondria and participates in cytochrome c efflux by a still unclear mechanism, some of them at least mediated by(More)
Apoptosis ligand 2 tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (Apo2L/TRAIL) belongs to a small subset of proapoptotic protein ligands in the TNF superfamily. This subset, which also includes Fas ligand and TNF-alpha, can activate the extrinsic apoptotic cell death pathway on binding to cognate death receptors at the cell surface. Over the(More)
Cardiolipin (CL) is a mitochondria-specific phospholipid synthesized by CL synthase (CLS). We describe here a human gene for CLS and its analysis via RNAi knockdown on apoptotic progression. Although mitochondrial membrane potential is unchanged in cells containing only 25% of the normal amount of CL, free cytochrome c (cyt. c) is detected in the(More)
BACKGROUND The pro-apoptotic effector Bid induces mitochondrial apoptosis in synergy with Bax and Bak. In response to death receptors activation, Bid is cleaved by caspase-8 into its active form, tBid (truncated Bid), which then translocates to the mitochondria to trigger cytochrome c release and subsequent apoptosis. Accumulating evidence now indicate that(More)
BH3 interacting domain death agonist (Bid), a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins, is activated through cleavage by caspase-8. The active C-terminal fragment of Bid (tBid) translocates to the mitochondria where it interacts with cardiolipins at contact sites and induces the release of cytochrome c by a mechanism that is not yet fully(More)