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Although oral administration of L-Dopa remains the best therapy for Parkinson disease, its long-term administration causes the appearance of abnormal involuntary movements such as dyskinesia. Although persistent striatal induction of some genes has already been associated with such pathologic profiles in hemiparkinsonian rats, molecular and cellular(More)
Preferential neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral substantia nigra of the midbrain is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease. The homeobox transcription factor Pitx3 is similarly and selectively expressed in the same neurons. Pitx3 deficiency in a natural mouse mutant, the aphakia mouse, was correlated with the loss of these neurons and with(More)
We have previously shown that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) significantly reduced L-Dopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) monkeys (Samadi et al., Ann. Neurol. 59:282-288, 2006). In the present study, we measured for the first time mRNA levels of Nur77, an orphan nuclear receptor that participates to adaptive(More)
BACKGROUND Transcription factors of the Nur family (Nurr1, Nur77, and Nor-1) are orphan nuclear receptors closely associated with dopamine neurotransmission in the central nervous system. Nur77 expression is strongly modulated by antipsychotic and ant-parkinsonian drugs in dopaminoceptive brain areas. However, the role of Nur77 in dopamine neuron activity(More)
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