François Garnier

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Three sheep, three goats and three cattle were dosed orally with 5.0, 7.5 and 10 mg albendazole kg-1 bodyweight, respectively. Blood samples were taken at intervals for 48 hours after administration. The enantiomeric ratio of the metabolite albendazole sulphoxide (SO.ABZ) was determined by liquid chromatography on chiral stationary phases. At To, the plasma(More)
The possible correlations between embryotoxicity, plasma kinetics of toxic metabolites and covalent binding of metabolites to foetal tissues were studied using two drugs, albendazole and oxfendazole. In the rat, the metabolic inhibitor, SKF-525A, induced changes in embryotoxicity which were well correlated with plasma levels of identified embryotoxic(More)
Two prochiral sulphide drugs, fenbendazole (FBZ) and albendazole (ABZ) were administered orally to sheep. Blood samples were analysed for parent drug and S-oxidation metabolites and the chirality of the sulphoxide metabolites was determined. The plasma concentrations of the enantiomers of the sulphoxides were never a racemate. On the contrary, the ratios(More)
FMO1 and FMO3, the main FMOs described in the rat, are highly expressed in the liver and the kidney. The age, from 3 to 11 weeks, and gender-dependent expression of FMO1 and FMO3 in the rat liver and kidney were investigated. Based on the enzyme activities, protein levels and mRNA levels, this study demonstrates an important increase in the expression of(More)
The disposition of the two enantiomers of carprofen (CPF), the (R)-CPF and the (S)-CPF, was investigated after iv administration of the racemate (4 mg/kg) in dogs equipped with a chronic bile duct catheter. Studies in dogs with diverted bile flow showed that both enantiomers were extensively excreted in bile with 74% of the (R)-enantiomer and 92% of the(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) determination has been used for 30 years to distinguish ACTH-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (ADHAC) from ACTH-independent hyperadrenocorticism (AIHAC) in dogs. However, the few studies that have evaluated its diagnostic accuracy, based in the majority of cases on older assays, have been associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Assess 50 years old and over patients' attitudes towards and experiences of generic substitution of prescription medicines. A special focus on information on patient attitude to generic drugs provided by their general practitioners (GPs). METHODS Prospective study of patients in 15 general practices and in 2 retirements home was surveyed using a(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate simplified methods for iohexol plasma clearance estimation in dogs and cats. Serial blood samples were taken before and 5, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 150, 180, and 240 minutes after a bolus injection of iohexol in 51 dogs and 25 cats. Iohexol plasma concentration was determined with X-ray fluorescence. Clearance was(More)
INTRODUCTION The use of the rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and the strategy of management of pharyngitis in medical practice are little known. METHODS During the 2006-2007 winter, a survey was conducted in the Pays de la Loire Region to evaluate the use of the RDT. A focus group was also organised. RESULTS Data were collected from 525 patients (patients(More)