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Three sheep, three goats and three cattle were dosed orally with 5.0, 7.5 and 10 mg albendazole kg-1 bodyweight, respectively. Blood samples were taken at intervals for 48 hours after administration. The enantiomeric ratio of the metabolite albendazole sulphoxide (SO.ABZ) was determined by liquid chromatography on chiral stationary phases. At To, the plasma(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate simplified methods for iohexol plasma clearance estimation in dogs and cats. Serial blood samples were taken before and 5, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 150, 180, and 240 minutes after a bolus injection of iohexol in 51 dogs and 25 cats. Iohexol plasma concentration was determined with X-ray fluorescence. Clearance was(More)
Two prochiral sulphide drugs, fenbendazole (FBZ) and albendazole (ABZ) were administered orally to sheep. Blood samples were analysed for parent drug and S-oxidation metabolites and the chirality of the sulphoxide metabolites was determined. The plasma concentrations of the enantiomers of the sulphoxides were never a racemate. On the contrary, the ratios(More)
The disposition of the two enantiomers of carprofen (CPF), the (R)-CPF and the (S)-CPF, was investigated after iv administration of the racemate (4 mg/kg) in dogs equipped with a chronic bile duct catheter. Studies in dogs with diverted bile flow showed that both enantiomers were extensively excreted in bile with 74% of the (R)-enantiomer and 92% of the(More)
Antiserum has been raised in rabbits treated with a 19 nor testosterone-hemisuccinate-bovine-serum-albumin conjugate and used for the development of a specific RIA of plasma 19 nor testosterone. Plasma samples are drawn from testicular and jugular veins of stallions during castration under general anesthesia. Results demonstrate a testicular secretion of 19(More)
The pharmacokinetics of febantel and its main metabolites were studied in cattle and sheep. Seven ewes and 4 heifers were given febantel orally in a single dose of 7.5 mg/kg, 25 mg/kg, or 45 mg/kg of body weight. Plasma concentrations vs time of febantel and individual metabolites were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis.(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) determination has been used for 30 years to distinguish ACTH-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (ADHAC) from ACTH-independent hyperadrenocorticism (AIHAC) in dogs. However, the few studies that have evaluated its diagnostic accuracy, based in the majority of cases on older assays, have been associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenal ultrasonography (US) in dogs with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) is commonly used to distinguish adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent (AIHAC) and ACTH-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (ADHAC). To date, no cut-off values for defining adrenal atrophy in cases of adrenal asymmetry have been determined. Given that asymmetrical hyperplasia(More)
FMO1 and FMO3, the main FMOs described in the rat, are highly expressed in the liver and the kidney. The age, from 3 to 11 weeks, and gender-dependent expression of FMO1 and FMO3 in the rat liver and kidney were investigated. Based on the enzyme activities, protein levels and mRNA levels, this study demonstrates an important increase in the expression of(More)