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We construct a new adaptive basis of functions which is reasonably well localized with only one peak in frequency. We develop a compression algorithm that exploits this basis to obtain the most economical representation of the image in terms of textured patterns with different orientations, frequencies, sizes, and positions. The technique directly works in(More)
Wavelets are ill-suited to represent oscillatory patterns: rapid variations of intensity can only be described by the small scale wavelet coefficients, which are often quantized to zero, even at high bit rates. Our goal is to provide a fast numerical implementation of the best wavelet packet algorithm in order to demonstrate that an advantage can be gained(More)
The original contributions of this paper are twofold: a new understanding of the influence of noise on the eigenvectors of the graph Laplacian of a set of image patches, and an algorithm to estimate a denoised set of patches from a noisy image. The algorithm relies on the following two observations: (1) the low-index eigenvectors of the diffusion, or graph(More)
The purpose of the study was to quantify the strength of motor-unit coherence from the left and right first dorsal interosseous muscles in untrained, skill-trained (musicians), and strength-trained (weightlifters) individuals who had long-term specialized use of their hand muscles. The strength of motor-unit coherence was quantified from a total of 394(More)
This paper addresses the problem of detecting significant changes in fMRI time series that are correlated to a stimulus time course. This paper provides a new approach to estimate the parameters of a semiparametric generalized linear model of fMRI time series. The fMRI signal is described as the sum of two effects: a smooth trend and the response to the(More)
The authors propose a new approach for tracking the deformation of the left-ventricular (LV) myocardium from two-dimensional (2-D) magnetic resonance (MR) phase contrast velocity fields. The use of phase contrast MR velocity data in cardiac motion problems has been introduced by others (N.J. Pelc et al., 1991) and shown to be potentially useful for tracking(More)
Compression is a relatively new introduced technique for seismic data operations. The main drive behind the use of data compression in seismic data is the very large size of seismic data acquired. Some of the most recent acquired marine seismic data sets exceed 10 Tbytes, and in fact there are currently seismic surveys planned with a volume of around 120(More)
The rate of change in the fluctuations in motor output differs during the performance of fatiguing contractions that involve different types of loads. The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of frequency modulation of motor unit discharge to the fluctuations in the motor output during sustained contractions with the force and position(More)
existing models of the quality of range data from stereo vision and AM-CW LADAR, then used these models to derive a new model for the quality of a simple obstacle detection algorithm. This model predicts the probability of detecting obstacles and the probability of false alarms, as a function of the size and distance of the obstacle, the resolution of the(More)
The main contribution of this work is a new paradigm for image compression. We describe a new multi-layered representation technique for images. An image is encoded as the superposition of one main approximation, and a sequence of residuals. The strength of the multi-layered method comes from the fact that we use different bases to encode the main(More)