François Darcel

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BACKGROUND Familial hemiplegic migraine, an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by attacks of transient hemiparesis followed by a migraine headache, is classically divided into pure familial hemiplegic migraine (affecting 80 percent of families) and familial hemiplegic migraine with permanent cerebellar signs (affecting 20 percent of families).(More)
PURPOSE There is no consensus on the treatment strategy for adult patients with cerebral low-grade glioma. The diagnosis and primary treatment are usually undertaken by surgery. Some investigators doubt the efficacy of postoperative radiotherapy (RT), whereas others advise routine postoperative RT. We report the primary results of a multicenter randomized(More)
Familial hemiplegic migraine (HM) is an autosomal dominant migraine with aura. In 20% of HM families, HM is associated with a mild permanent cerebellar ataxia (PCA). The CACNA1A gene encoding the alpha1A subunit of P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channels is involved in 50% of unselected HM families and in all families with HM/PCA. Four CACNA1A missense(More)
Treatment of gliomas remains disappointing in spite of a great number of experimental biological data and of randomized therapeutic studies. This could be partly explained by the inefficiency of our conventional methods to assess the regional metabolism of these tumors. The use of positron emission tomography (PET) brings encouraging possibilities in this(More)
Brain protein synthesis may be evaluated in vivo by a PET three compartment methionine model. 14 human brain tumor patients were studied. Protein synthesis rate (PSR) was increased in any glial tumor even in low grades, but this increase was statistically more important in anaplastic tumor. Radiotherapy action was evaluated in two patients. Local tumoral(More)
Polyamine levels have been studied in brain tumor patients. We focused our study on the relationship between tumor, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and red blood cell (RBC) polyamine levels. Our results are the following: Polyamine levels in CSF are consistently increased, whatever the histological type may be. The highest tumoral concentrations are found in(More)
Data obtained during post-surgical monitoring (2 to 28 months) of 32 histologically confirmed malignant supratentorial glioma patients, are reported here. It was observed that: whatever the grade of malignancy, 100% of the patients whose tumor recurred showed, on at least one occasion, abnormal red blood cell (RBC) spermidine (SPD) (greater than 14(More)
An almost complete prevention of tumor growth was achieved in U-251 human glioblastoma xenografted nude mice, by partial decontamination of the gastrointestinal tract and feeding of a polyamine-free diet containing inhibitors of ornithine decarboxylase (DFMO) and of polyamine oxidase (MDL 72527). After one week of polyamine deprivation, spermidine(More)
137 samples of intracranial tumours have been studied in proton NMR spectroscopy. T1 and T2 relaxation times are above those of normal grey and white matter. Differential diagnosis between benign and malignant brain tumours does not seem feasible upon proton T1 and T2 alone. Histological correlations allowed us to specify secondary changes accounting for T1(More)