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Human fat cell lipolysis was, until recently, thought to be mediated exclusively by a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA)-regulated pathway under the control of catecholamines and insulin. We have shown that atrial- and B-type natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP respectively) stimulate lipolysis in human fat cells through a cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG)(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine how training modifies metabolic responses and lipid oxidation in overweight young male subjects. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Eleven overweight subjects were selected for a 4-month endurance training program. Before and after the training period, they cycled for 60 minutes at 50% of their VO(2)max after(More)
Uncoupling protein (UCP) 3 is a mitochondrial inner membrane protein expressed predominantly in glycolytic skeletal muscles. Its role in vivo remains poorly understood. The aim of the present work was to produce a mouse model with moderate overproduction and proper fibre-type distribution of UCP3. Transgenic mice were created with a 16 kb region(More)
With the use of the microdialysis method, exercise-induced lipolysis was investigated in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) in obese subjects and compared with lean ones, and the effect of blockade of alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors (ARs) on lipolysis during exercise was explored. Changes in extracellular glycerol concentrations and blood flow were measured(More)
The goal of the study was to examine whether lipid mobilization from adipose tissue undergoes changes during repeated bouts of prolonged aerobic exercise. Microdialysis of the subcutaneous adipose tissue was used for the assessment of lipolysis; glycerol concentration was measured in the dialysate leaving the adipose tissue. Seven male subjects performed(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to compare the effect of different exercise intensities on lipid oxidation in overweight men and women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Nine young, healthy, overweight men and women were studied (age, 31.4 +/- 2.3 and 26.7 +/- 2.1 years; BMI, 27.9 +/- 0.4 and 27.2 +/- 0.5; for men and women, respectively). On one study day, the(More)
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the potential inhibition of adipose tissue mobilization by lactate. Eight male subjects (age, 26. 25 +/- 1.75 yr) in good physical condition (maximal oxygen uptake, 59.87 +/- 2.77 ml. kg-1. min-1; %body fat, 10.15 +/- 0.89%) participated in this study. For each subject, two microdialysis probes were inserted into(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of prolonged hypoxia on adipose tissue lipolysis, in relation to the weight loss usually observed at high altitude. Eight male subjects were exposed for 31 days to gradually increasing hypobaric hypoxia up to the equivalent altitude of 8848 m (Mt Everest) in a decompression chamber, after 7 days at 4350 m(More)
Besides exerting its own lipolytic effect, growth hormone (GH) has been reported to potentiate the lipolytic response of adipose tissue to epinephrine. It was thought interesting to find out whether long-term recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) administration modifies epinephrine-induced lipolysis in isolated adipocytes of GH-deficient adults. In a(More)
This study was designed to assess whether physiological activation of the sympathetic nervous system induced by exercise changes adipose tissue responsiveness to catecholamines in humans. Lipid mobilization in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue was studied with the use of a microdialysis method in 11 nontrained men (age: 22. 3 +/- 1.5 yr; body mass(More)