François Coutte

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AIMS To analyse the effects of plipastatin operon disruption and constitutive expression of surfactin operon in Bacillus subtilis 168 on surfactin productivity, in vitro invasive growth and antagonism against fungi. METHODS AND RESULTS The srfA native promoter was replaced by the constitutive promoter P(repU) in B. subtilis 168 after integration of a(More)
Non-self-recognition of microorganisms partly relies on the perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and leads to the activation of an innate immune response. Bacillus subtilis produces three main families of cyclic lipopeptides (LPs), namely surfactins, iturins and fengycins. Although LPs are involved in induced systemic resistance (ISR)(More)
A Bacillus subtilis mutant strain overexpressing surfactin biosynthetic genes was previously constructed. In order to further increase the production of this biosurfactant, our hypothesis is that the surfactin precursors, especially leucine, must be overproduced. We present a three step approach for leucine overproduction directed by methods from(More)
Surfactin and fengycin are lipopeptide biosurfactants produced by Bacillus subtilis. This work describes for the first time the use of bubbleless bioreactors for the production of these lipopeptides by B. subtilis ATCC 21332 with aeration by a hollow fiber membrane air–liquid contactor to prevent foam formation. Three different configurations were tested:(More)
The self-assembly in aqueous solution of three lipopeptides obtained from Bacillus subtilis has been investigated. The lipopeptides surfactin, plipastatin and mycosubtilin contain distinct cyclic peptide headgroups as well as differences in alkyl chain length, branching and chain length distribution. Cryogenic transmission electron microscopy and X-ray(More)
Using promoter exchange and gene knock-out strategies, two mutant strains, the so-called BBG116 and BBG125, were constructed from Bacillus subtilis wild-type strain ATCC 6633, a surfactin and mycosubtilin producer. Compared to the parental strain, both mutants overproduced constitutively mycosubtilin, while BBG125 had lost the ability to synthesize(More)
The use of surfactin and mycosubtilin as an eco-friendly alternative to control lettuce downy mildew caused by the obligate pathogen Bremia lactucae was investigated. Preliminary ecotoxicity evaluations obtained from three different tests revealed the rather low toxicity of these lipopeptides separately or in combination. The EC50 (concentration estimated(More)
Biosurfactants are important in many areas; however, costs impede large-scale production. This work aimed to develop a global sustainable strategy for the production of biosurfactants by a novel strain of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Initially, Bacillus sp. strain 0G was renamed B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum (syn. Bacillus velezensis) after analysis(More)
Three families of lipopeptides (LPs), surfactin, iturin (including mycosutilin) and fengycin, produced by the rhizabacterium Bacillus subtilis have received considerable attention for their antimicrobial, cytotoxic, antitumor, immunosuppressant and surfactant properties. Among them, iturins and fengycins generally display a strong in vitro antifungal(More)