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The CD44 molecule is known to display extensive size heterogeneity, which has been attributed both to alternative splicing and to differential glycosylation within the extracellular domain. Although the presence of several alternative exons has been partly inferred from cDNA sequencing, the precise intron-exon organization of the CD44 gene has not been(More)
For Genetic Analysis Workshop 15 Problem 2, we organized data from several ongoing studies designed to identify genetic and environmental risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis. Data were derived from the North American Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium (NARAC), collaboration among Canadian researchers, the European Consortium on Rheumatoid Arthritis Families(More)
Paget's disease of bone is a chronic bone disease that affects up to 3% of Caucasians older than 55 years. The cause of Paget's disease is unknown but involves genetic factors. Familial cases display an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with incomplete penetrance. Genetic heterogeneity has been demonstrated and eight potential susceptibility loci(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective was to study the potential genetic contribution of Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). TLRs bind to pathogen-associated molecular patterns, and TLR genes influence both proinflammatory cytokine production and autoimmune responses. Host-pathogen interactions are involved in RA physiopathology. METHODS We(More)
The Study Group for Risk Factors for Rheumatoid Arthritis was established by the EULAR Standing Committee on Investigative Rheumatology to facilitate research into the preclinical and earliest clinically apparent phases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This report describes the recommendation for terminology to be used to define specific subgroups during(More)
Vitamin D is a potent regulator of calcium homeostasis and may have immunomodulatory effects. The influence of vitamin D on human autoimmune disease is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Three polymorphisms for VDR gene FokI T>C (rs 10735810), BsmI A>G (rs 1544410)(More)
BACKGROUND Autoantibodies to citrullinated proteins (ACPA) are considered a specific marker for rheumatoid arthritis. Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) is the enzyme that converts arginyl into citrullyl residues; different isoforms of the enzyme are expressed in mammals. It has been suggested that the PADI4 gene may contribute to genetic susceptibility to(More)
OBJECTIVE Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) binds the receptors TNFRI and TNFRII. Results of genome scans have suggested that TNFR2 is a candidate rheumatoid arthritis (RA) locus. A case-control study in a UK Caucasian population has shown an association between a TNFR2 genotype (196R/R in exon 6) and familial, but not sporadic, RA. The present study(More)
The minor allele of the R620W missense single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs2476601) in the PTPN22 (protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22) gene has been reported to be associated with multiple autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, autoimmune thyroiditis and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of antibiotic treatment of urethritis or cervicitis on the incidence of recurrences of articular symptoms in Reiter's syndrome patients. METHODS Retrospective evaluation of the medical charts of 109 patients living in Greenland. RESULTS Thirty-seven percent of the episodes of genitourinary tract inflammation that were not(More)