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The optimal detection of a signal of known form hidden in additive white noise is examined in the framework of stochastic resonance and noise-aided information processing. Conditions are exhibited where the performance in the optimal detection increases when the level of the additive (non-Gaussian bimodal) noise is raised. On the additive signal–noise(More)
Stochastic resonance is a phenomenon whereby the transmission of a signal by certain nonlinear systems can be improved by addition of noise. We propose a brief overview of this effect, together with an extension based on information-theoretic concepts. We analyze various conditions of non-linear transmission where the input–output Shannon mutual(More)
The present paper proposes a model which applies formal neural network modeling techniques to construct a theoretical representation of the cerebellar cortex and its performances in motor control. A schema that makes explicit use of propagation delays of neural signals, is introduced to describe the ability to store temporal sequences of patterns in the(More)
We compare two simple test statistics that a detector can compute from multiple noisy data in a binary decision problem based on a maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) criterion. One of these statistics is the standard sample mean of the data (linear detector), which allows one to minimize the probability of detection error when the noise is Gaussian. The(More)
We compare the performance of two detection schemes in charge of detecting the presence of a signal buried in an additive noise. One of these is the correlation receiver (linear detector), which is optimal when the noise is Gaussian. The other detector is obtained by applying the same correlation receiver to the output of a nonlinear preprocessor formed by(More)
PURPOSE The cardiovascular system (CVS) regulation can be studied from a central viewpoint, through heart rate variability (HRV) data, and from a peripheral viewpoint, through laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals. Both the central and peripheral CVSs are regulated by several interacting mechanisms, each having its own temporal scale. The central CVS has(More)
Using signal processing measures we evaluate the effect of aging on the peripheral cardiovascular system. Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals, reflecting the microvascular perfusion, are recorded on the forearm of 27 healthy subjects between 20-30, 40-50, or 60-70 years old. Wavelet-based representations, Hölder exponents, and sample entropy values are(More)
—We address the problem of synthesizing a generalized Gaussian noise with exponent 1/2 by means of a nonlinear memoryless transformation applied to a uniform noise. We show that this transformation is expressable in terms of a special function known under the name of the Lambert W function. We review the main methods for numerical evaluation of the relevant(More)
A novel instance of a stochastic resonance effect, under the form of a noise-improved performance, is shown to be possible for an optimal Bayesian estimator. Estimation of the frequency of a periodic signal corrupted by a phase noise is considered. The optimal Bayesian estimator, achieving the minimum of the mean square estimation error, is explicitly(More)