François Cassim

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After the completion of a voluntary movement, a synchronization of cortical beta rhythms is recorded over the contralateral central region, which is assumed to reflect the termination of the motor command. In order to test this hypothesis, we compared in eight healthy subjects the synchronization of EEG beta rhythms following active and passive index(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities have been linked to abnormal movement control in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to study how low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities are modulated by movement in the contralateral and ipsilateral subcorticocortical loops. METHODS We studied mu, beta and gamma rhythm event-related(More)
OBJECTIVE To localize the sources of mu, beta and gamma rhythms and to explore the functional significance of their reactivity. METHODS We used the method of quantification of event-related desynchronization (ERD) and synchronization (ERS) to analyze the reactivity of intracerebral rhythms recorded in stereoelectroencephalography within the sensorimotor(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To determine if there are changes in event-related desynchronization/event-related synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns when the movement is sustained? (2) To determine, from a technical point of view for ERD calculation, if it is possible to take the reference period during muscular activation? METHODS Eight healthy subjects performed two(More)
Aging is frequently accompanied by a deterioration in postural control. Accordingly, the elderly adopt postural strategies in order to maintain balance. The purpose of this study was to compare anticipatory postural adjustments in (healthy) 10 young and 10 elderly subjects using electromyography (EMG) and biomechanical parameters. While standing on a force(More)
In Parkinson's disease, impaired motor preparation has been related to an increased latency in the appearance of movement-related desynchronization (MRD) throughout the contralateral primary sensorimotor (PSM) cortex. Internal globus pallidus (GPi) stimulation improved movement desynchronization over the PSM cortex during movement execution but failed to(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relative size and location of proximal and distal upper limb muscle representations in the human motor cortex. Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation were recorded in the proximal muscle anterior deltoid (AD) and in the distal muscles extensor carpi radialis (ECR) and first(More)
Myoclonus may be generated by any area in the central nervous system. Finding its generator is helpful in the diagnostic process. Although clinical features have to be carefully analyzed as they may give a first idea, neurophysiologic study of myoclonus provides the most important clues for the determination of the generator. Surface electromyography (EMG)(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of various parameters (notably the frequency and intensity) of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied over the primary motor (M1) and premotor (PMC) cortices on the excitability of the first dorsalis interosseus (FDI) corticospinal pathway. To this end, we applied a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether task-dependent differences in corticospinal pathway excitability occur in going from isolated contractions of the index finger to its coordinated activity with the thumb. Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to measure input-output (I/O) curves--a measure of corticospinal pathway(More)