François Carré

Learn More
Cardiovascular remodelling in the conditioned athlete is frequently associated with physiological ECG changes. Abnormalities, however, may be detected which represent expression of an underlying heart disease that puts the athlete at risk of arrhythmic cardiac arrest during sports. It is mandatory that ECG changes resulting from intensive physical training(More)
National Institute of Sports Medicine, Italian National Olympic Committee, Via dei Campi Sportivi 46, 00197 Rome, Italy; Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Unit, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway; Division of Inherited Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Department of(More)
Several relatively uncommon, but important cardiovascular diseases are associated with increased risk for acute cardiac events during exercise (including sudden death), such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and myo-pericarditis. Practising cardiologists are frequently(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender on the possible contribution of tlim at Va max (minimal speed that elicits VO2max) in performance speeds. The male and female elite middle-distance runners had similar performance (IAAF scores). Fourteen female and fifteen male (25.2 +/- 3.6 and 25.1 +/- 4.2 yr old; VO2max = 63.2 +/- 4.2 and(More)
Cardiac patients after an acute event and/or with chronic heart disease deserve special attention to restore their quality of life and to maintain or improve functional capacity. They require counselling to avoid recurrence through a combination of adherence to a medication plan and adoption of a healthy lifestyle. These secondary prevention targets are(More)
AIMS Athletic training in male black athletes (BAs) is associated with marked ECG repolarization changes that overlap with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Differentiating between the two entities is prudent since BAs exhibit a higher prevalence of exercise-related sudden death from HCM compared with white athletes (WAs). METHODS AND RESULTS Between(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to compare blood lactate concentrations determined in blood sampled from three sites (finger capillary, ear-lobe capillary, and forearm vein) during exercise on three different ergometers (a cycle ergometer, a treadmill and an arm-crank ergometer). METHODS A total of 312 well-trained subjects performed either a(More)
Chronic physical training may induce morphological and useful functional adaptations which affect all cardiac chambers. Morphological modifications are mainly modest and far from pathologic ones. All these adaptations seem helpful for sport’s performance. Hemodynamic and neurohumoral stresses depend on the muscular exercise type performed, static or(More)
It is well known that oestrogens exert muscle anabolic and metabolic effects. Oestrogens act via specific oestrogen receptor (ER) proteins. The mainly represented oestrogen receptor alpha messenger ribonucleic acid subtype (ER(alpha) mRNA) was described in various tissues including the skeletal muscle. Moreover, it has been shown that endurance training(More)
BACKGROUND Recent efforts have focused on improving the specificity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) criteria for ECG interpretation in athletes. These criteria are derived predominantly from white athletes (WAs) and do not account for the effect of Afro-Caribbean ethnicity or novel research questioning the relevance of several isolated ECG(More)