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The short-term effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on GTH I (FSH-like), GTH II (LH-like), and GH production by cultured rainbow trout pituitary cells was studied in immature fish of both sexes, at early gametogenesis and in spermiating and periovulatory animals. IGF-I had no effect on basal GTH I and GTH II release, whereas it always inhibited(More)
It is well known that oestrogens exert muscle anabolic and metabolic effects. Oestrogens act via specific oestrogen receptor (ER) proteins. The mainly represented oestrogen receptor alpha messenger ribonucleic acid subtype (ER(alpha) mRNA) was described in various tissues including the skeletal muscle. Moreover, it has been shown that endurance training(More)
Cardiovascular remodelling in the conditioned athlete is frequently associated with physiological ECG changes. Abnormalities, however, may be detected which represent expression of an underlying heart disease that puts the athlete at risk of arrhythmic cardiac arrest during sports. It is mandatory that ECG changes resulting from intensive physical training(More)
Cardiac patients after an acute event and/or with chronic heart disease deserve special attention to restore their quality of life and to maintain or improve functional capacity. They require counselling to avoid recurrence through a combination of adherence to a medication plan and adoption of a healthy lifestyle. These secondary prevention targets are(More)
BACKGROUND Ethnicity is an important determinant of cardiovascular adaptation in athletes. Studies in black male athletes reveal a higher prevalence of electric repolarization and left ventricular hypertrophy than observed in white males; these frequently overlap with those observed in cardiomyopathy and have important implications in the preparticipation(More)
UNLABELLED In children, sevoflurane depresses parasympathetic tone during induction more than halothane. The effects of sevoflurane on parasympathetic activity could explain the difference in heart rate (HR) changes described between infants and children. In this study, we sought to determine the relationship between the end-tidal concentration of(More)
BACKGROUND Informations about the effects of intense exercise training on diabetes-induced myocardial dysfunctions are lacking. We have examined the effects of intense exercise training on the cardiac function of diabetic rats, especially focusing on the Langendorff β-adrenergic responsiveness and on the β-adrenoceptors protein expression. METHODS Control(More)
The energy cost of walking using a reciprocating gait orthosis (RGOII) with functional electrical stimulation (FES) was assessed in 14 patients with spastic complete paraplegia from six rehabilitation centres. Before and after training asing RGOII with FES, the subjects performed a progressive maximal test on an arm-crank ergometer to obtain their(More)
Muscle relaxation times can now be measured accurately with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), distinguishing working muscles from non-working muscles. A correlation between T2 increase and work intensity has been shown in healthy volunteers. The small amount of data on T1 relaxation times is contradictory. In addition, all the published studies have(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of West-Asian, black and Caucasian male athletes competing in Qatar using the 2010 recommendations for 12-lead ECG interpretation by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). DESIGN Cardiovascular screening with resting 12-lead ECG analysis of 1220 national level athletes (800(More)