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BACKGROUND Pneumococcal serotypes 1, 3, 5, 7F, and 19A were the most implicated in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) after implementation of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). In France, the switch from PCV7 to 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) occurred in June 2010. An active surveillance network was set up to analyze the(More)
Forty-one children hospitalized for necrotizing pneumonia were retrospectively analyzed. Necrotizing pneumonia represented 0.8% of community-acquired pneumonia and 6% of hospitalized community-acquired pneumonia. The chest radiograph revealed necrosis on admission in onethird of cases. Twenty-one cases (51%) were documented, including 13 Staphylococcus(More)
Invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections have a broad and evolving clinical spectrum, associated with various GAS genotypes and/or virulence factors that are only poorly described in children. We aimed to assess the clinical and molecular characteristics of invasive GAS infections in 28 children admitted from 2000 to 2007 at a large French pediatric(More)
We report the first case of cutaneous mucormycosis after a scorpion sting in Tunisia. Histopathology showed broad aseptate hyphae suggestive of a Zygomycete. Saksenaea vasiformis was identified by PCR amplification and sequencing of the fungal DNA on a cutaneous biopsy. Successful treatment was obtained by surgery and liposomal amphotericin B.
Advances in high-throughput DNA sequencing allow for a comprehensive analysis of bacterial genes that contribute to virulence in a specific infectious setting. Such information can yield new insights that affect decisions on how to best manage major public health issues such as the threat posed by increasing antimicrobial drug resistance. Much of the focus(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI), including its most serious form called acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), is a devastating disease that can occur at any age. ALI/ARDS accounts for only 5-8% of admissions to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) but is fatal in 30-60% of cases. International multicenter prospective studies are needed to better understand(More)
UNLABELLED Ear localization is sometimes the first symptom of tuberculosis. CASE REPORT We report a case of a teen with a chronic otitis revealing a disseminated tuberculosis. The investigations showed ear, bones and pulmonary localisations. The outcome with treatment showed a persistent hearing loss. CONCLUSION Middle ear tuberculosis should be(More)
Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are the main reason for antibiotic prescription in children. In 2005, the French Drug Agency published guidelines to minimise inappropriate use of antibiotics for ARTI. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of implementing these guidelines in a paediatric emergency department. We retrospectively(More)
We describe 5 pediatric cases of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W135 infection. Infectious and/or reactive extrameningeal involvement was frequent. One patient had a persistent postmeningococcal inflammatory syndrome. Four of 5 isolates belonged to the clonal complex 37. The important risk of extrameningeal complications must be borne in mind when(More)