François André

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In the frame of a French monitoring program, tri- to deca- polybromodiphenylethers (PBDE) have been measured in maternal and cord serum, adipose tissue, and breast milk samples, collected from 93 volunteer women during caesarean deliveries. The seven major tri- to heptaBDE (BDE-28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, and 183) were detected in adipose tissue and breast(More)
A French monitoring study was initiated to evaluate the exposure of fetus and newborn to brominated flame retardants (BFR). A previously developed multi-residue analytical method was used for measuring the main classes of BFR (tetrabromobisphenol-A, and tri- to decabomodiphenyl ethers) in various human biological matrices. Analyzed samples (maternal and(More)
Brominated flame retardants (BFR) are chemicals extensively used in many manufactured products to reduce the risk of fire, but also environmental pollutants. In order to assess the potential risk linked to these compounds in human, a French monitoring study was initiated to evaluate the exposure of fetus and newborn. A previously described multi-residue(More)
In the classical metabolic oxidation scheme, hydrophobic endogenous or xenobiotic compounds undergo phase I oxidation, generally catalyzed in the liver by cytochromes P450, followed by phase II conjugation reactions, in a way that allows much more polar metabolites to be expelled from the cell through active transport mechanisms. Cytochrome P450-mediated(More)
The multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein is a plasma membrane protein involved in cell and tissue detoxification and the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype. It actively expels from cells a number of cytotoxic molecules, all amphiphilic but chemically unrelated. We investigated the molecular characteristics involved in the binding selectivity of(More)
Roquefortine, a cyclopeptide derived from the diketopiperazine cyclo(Trp-dehydroHis), is a secondary metabolite produced by several Penicillium species. It has been reported to cause neurotoxic effect and to inhibit Gram-positive bacteria growth. The mechanisms responsible for its toxicity and metabolism are still unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
The occurrence of the main steroid hormones (oestrone, 17alpha-oestradiol, 17beta-oestradiol, 17alpha-testosterone, 17beta-testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, 4-androstenedione), especially in milk and eggs, was investigated. An analytical method based on GC-MS/MS was developed for steroid measurement at an ultra-trace level in food products. The limits(More)
The oxidation of six derivatives of terfenadone by recombinant human CYP2J2 (CYP = cytochrome P450) was studied by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) using tandem MS techniques and by 1H NMR spectroscopy. CYP2J2 exhibited a surprising regioselectivity in favor of the hydroxylation of the substrate terminal chain at the(More)
Most studies related to research on steroids in main edible tissues (muscle, liver or kidney) have focused on measurement of parent or major metabolite residues. In order to evaluate the estradiol content in bovine edible tissues, a multi-step extraction procedure was developed in conjunction with parallel metabolism studies of [14C]-17beta-estradiol in(More)
The geraniol-derived (seco)iridoid skeleton is a precursor for a large group of bioactive compounds with diverse therapeutic applications, including the widely used anticancer molecule vinblastine. Despite of this economic prospect, the pathway leading to iridoid biosynthesis from geraniol is still unclear. The first geraniol hydroxylation step has been(More)