Françis Crépel

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Several subunits of the glutamate receptor of the AMPA subtype have been cloned recently. These subunits, named GluR1, GluR2, GluR3, and GluR4, exist as two splicing variants (flip and flop). We have determined the subset of AMPA receptor subunits expressed by single cerebellar Purkinje cells in culture. This was achieved by combining whole-cell patch-clamp(More)
In order to compare the frontal cortex of rat and macaque monkey, cortical and subcortical afferents to subdivisions of the medial frontal cortex (MFC) in the rat were analyzed with fluorescent retrograde tracers. In addition to afferent inputs common to the whole MFC, each subdivision of the MFC has a specific pattern of afferent connections. The dorsally(More)
In the past decade there have been advances in understanding the cellular mechanisms of the long-term depression (LTD) of synaptic transmission at parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum. This review first summarizes current views on mechanisms involved in LTD induction, from activation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, of ionotropic (AMPA)(More)
The diversity of known glutamate-gated channels has been markedly increased by the discovery of multiple subunits and their spliced and edited variants. These subunits can potentially form different oligomeric complexes with diverging properties. A crucial question is therefore to determine the actual subunit composition of naturally occurring glutamate(More)
1. CB-1 cannabinoid receptors are strongly expressed in the molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex. We have analysed, in patch-clamped Purkinje cells (PCs) in rat cerebellar slices, the effect of the selective CB-1 agonists WIN55,212-2 and CP55,940 and of the selective CB-1 antagonist SR141716-A on excitatory synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity.(More)
The prefrontal cortex is innervated by a well-defined dopaminergic bundle originating from the brainstem and is a key structure in higher order mental processes. We have studied the effects of dopamine (DA) on layer V pyramidal cells of the prefrontal cortex using intracellular recording in rat brain slices maintained in vitro. Bath administration of DA(More)
Cannabinoids receptors have been reported to modulate synaptic transmission in many structures of the CNS, but yet little is known about their role in the prefrontal cortex where type I cannabinoid receptor (CB-1) are expressed. In this study, we tested first the acute effects of selective agonists and antagonist of CB-1 on glutamatergic excitatory(More)
Tetanic stimuli to layer I-II afferents in rat prefrontal cortex induced long-term depression (LTD) of layer I-II to layer V pyramidal neuron glutamatergic synapses when tetani were coupled to bath application of dopamine. This LTD was blocked by the following metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonists coapplied with dopamine:(More)
1. An in vitro slice preparation of rat cerebellar cortex was used to analyse long-lasting modifications of synaptic transmission at parallel fibre (PF)-Purkinje cell (PC) synapses. These use-dependent changes were induced by pairing PF-mediated EPSPs evoked at low frequency (1 Hz) with different levels of membrane polarization (or bioelectrical activities)(More)
The effects of dopamine (DA) on prefrontal pyramidal neurons were studied in vitro on rat cerebral cortex slices using intracellular recordings. Pyramidal neurons were first identified by Lucifer yellow and some of their basic bioelectrical properties were analysed. At resting potential, white matter stimulation mainly evoked depolarizing inhibitory(More)