Fracehuli Dagger

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The polyene antibiotic amphotericin B (AmB) is known to form two types of ionic channels across sterol-containing liposomes, depending on its concentration and time after mixing (Cohen, 1992). In the present study, it is shown that AmB only kills unicellular Leishmania promastigotes (LPs) when aqueous pores permeable to small cations and anions are formed.(More)
An aspartyl proteinase activity was detected in the soluble fraction (SF) of Leishmania mexicana promastigotes by the use of the synthetic substrate benzoyl-Arg-Gly-Phe-Phe-Leu-4-methoxy-beta-naphthylamide selective for Cathepsin D like aspartyl-proteinases. This peptide was hydrolyzed with an apparent K(m) of 2.3+/-0.3 microM. The classic inhibitor of(More)
Some general features of the respiratory chain and respiratory control were characterized in coupled mitochondrial preparations from Leishmania mexicana promastigotes. O2 uptake was sensitive to the electron-transfer inhibitors rotenone, flavone, malonate, 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(2-thienyl) 1.3 butanedione (TTFA), antimycin A, 2n-nonyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide(More)
We demonstrated the existence of three transport activities in promastigotes of Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania guyanensis, and Leishmania mexicana. The first activity, an energy-dependent efflux of pirarubicin, was observed in all Leishmania species and inhibited by verapamil, by 2-[4-(diphenylmethyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl-5-(trans-4,6-dimethyl-1,(More)
The mechanism responsible for the regulation of intracellular Na+ and K+ concentrations in trypanosomatids is unknown. In higher eukaryotes a ouabain-sensitive Na+,K(+)-ATPase located in the plasma membrane is the main mechanism for the regulation of the intracellular concentrations of Na+ and K+, while in trypanosomatids there are conflicting evidences(More)
The effect of dermaseptin (DS), a 34 amino acid residue cationic peptide isolated from Phyllomedusa sauvagii skin, has been studied on promastigotes of Leishmania mexicana growing in vitro. Within 5 min of incubation in the presence of DS, the flagellated parasites lost their motility. DS inhibited promastigote growth by 50% at a concentration of 3 microM(More)
The pH regulation of Leishmania major promastigotes was studied as a function of the ionic composition of the medium and in response to acid and alkali load. Intracellular pH (pHi) was monitored by on-line ratio fluorescence using the fluorescence-dependent pH indicator 2',7'-bis-(carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). In Cl(-)-based medium (pH 7.4,(More)
Illimaquinone, a sponge metabolite that disrupts the Golgi complex in mammalian cells, stopped proliferation and induced morphological and ultrastructural changes in promastigotes of L. mexicana. Radioactive labeling of proteins demonstrates an increased excretion function and diminution of membrane acid phosphatase activity, due probably to the(More)
The kinetics of secretion of proteins by Leishmania braziliensis was followed by incorporation of [3H]leucine into macromolecules produced by the cells which are released into the growth medium. About 10% of the total protein synthesized by actively growing cells is secreted. Cycloheximide (100 microgram/ml) and puromycin (0.5 mM) inhibited the(More)