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PURPOSE Internal anal sphincterotomy for treating chronic anal fissure can irreversibly damage anal continence. Reversible chemical sphincterotomy may be achieved by anal application of glyceryl trinitrate ointment (nitric oxide donor), which has been reported to heal the majority of patients with anal fissure by inducing sphincter relaxation and improving(More)
AIM The authors discuss tumor histological type, TNM staging and time of first occurrence of lung cancer, as well as related cardiovascular diseases, underlining type of treatment, surgical timing, surgical mortality, post-surgical complications and potentially additional therapies. METHODS A total of 189 patients underwent surgery for non-small cell lung(More)
We evaluated the haemodynamic and metabolic effects of prevention of shivering after prophylactic nefopam administration in neurosurgical patients undergoing craniotomy and mild systemic hypothermia (33-35 degrees C). Forty patients were enrolled in a randomised, double-blind study. Before extubation, patients received intravenously either nefopam 0.12(More)
BACKGROUND Selective shunting during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is advocated to reduce shunt-related stroke. Cerebral monitoring is essential for temporary carotid shunting. Many techniques are available for cerebral monitoring; however, none is superior to monitoring the patient's neurological status (awake testing) while performing the procedure under(More)
Brucellosis is a zoonosis, caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Brucella. Aortic involvement is a rare complication, often following embolization from infective endocarditis. However, contiguous propagation from vertebral involvement may occur. We report the case of an 81 year old patient abruptly presenting with aortic rupture due to Brucella(More)
AIM Trauma of the thoracic aorta for blunt trauma shows a very high incidence of mortality. Hospital mortality rate after aortic open surgery is between 15% and 30%. Endovascular management represents an alternative treatment Associated lesions are usually seen in those critical patients. Hemothorax may be present. The authors propose a combined treatment(More)
In recent years, many important discoveries have been made to challenge current policy, guidelines, and practice regarding how best to prevent stroke associated with atherosclerotic stenosis of the origin of the internal carotid artery. The United States Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), for instance, is calling for expert advice as to(More)
AIM Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare tumor that frequently produces non-specific symptoms. Surgical treatment is complex. In this review of our experience, we highlight replacement modalities of the vena cava or other vessels after complete tumor resection. METHODS During the last 20 years, we treated 12 patients (6 women and 6(More)
We assessed the haemodynamic changes after a propofol infusion at two rates in low-risk unpremedicated patients (ASA I-II). To determine contractility changes and loading conditions, we measured the ejection fraction, end-systolic quotient and fractional shortening on transthoracic echocardiograms. We studied 40 patients undergoing peripheral neurosurgical(More)