Frøy Grøndahl

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A large number of complex glycosylation mechanisms take place in the Golgi apparatus. In epithelial cells, glycosylated protein molecules are transported to both the apical and the basolateral surface domains. Although the prevailing view is that the Golgi apparatus provides the same lumenal environment for glycosylation of apical and basolateral cargo(More)
Aquaculture requires feed that ensures rapid growth and healthy fish. Higher inclusion of plant ingredients is desirable, as marine resources are limited. In this study we investigated the effects of higher starch inclusion in feed on muscular extracellular matrix and interleukin expression in farmed cod. Starch was replaced by complex fibers in the(More)
PGs (proteoglycans) are proteins acquiring long, linear and sulfated GAG (glycosaminoglycan) chains during Golgi passage. In MDCK cells (Madin-Darby canine kidney cells), most of the CS (chondroitin sulfate) PGs are secreted apically, whereas most of the HS (heparan sulfate) PGs are secreted basolaterally. The apical and basolateral secretory routes differ(More)
The canine 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) transporter 1 fused to GFP was stably expressed with a typical Golgi localization in MDCK II cells (MDCK II-PAPST1). The capacity for PAPS uptake into Golgi vesicles was enhanced to almost three times that of Golgi vesicles isolated from untransfected cells. We have previously shown that chondroitin(More)
The proteoglycan serglycin (SG) fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP) is secreted predominantly from the apical surface of polarized epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell monolayers, but the minor fraction secreted basolaterally carries more intensely sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains (Tveit H, Dick G, Skibeli V, Prydz K. 2005. A(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are hypothesized to contribute to the filtration barrier in kidney glomeruli and the glycocalyx of endothelial cells. To investigate potential changes in proteoglycans in diabetic kidney, we isolated glycosaminoglycans from kidney cortex from healthy db/+ and diabetic db/db mice. Disaccharide analysis of chondroitin sulfate(More)
Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) experience increased skeletal muscle fatigue. The mechanism underlying this phenomenon is unknown, but a deranged extracellular matrix (ECM) might be a contributing factor. Hence, we examined ECM components and regulators in a rat postinfarction model of CHF. At various time points during a 3.5 mo-period after(More)
The sulphation patterns of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains are decisive for the biological activity of their proteoglycan (PG) templates for sugar chain polymerization and sulphation. The amounts and positions of sulphate groups are often determined by HPLC analysis of disaccharides resulting from enzymatic degradation of the GAG chains. While heparan(More)
Proteoglycan (PG) sulfation depends on activated nucleotide sulfate, 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS). Transporters in the Golgi membrane translocate PAPS from the cytoplasm into the organelle lumen where PG sulfation occurs. Silencing of PAPS transporter (PAPST) 1 in epithelial MDCK cells reduced PAPS uptake into Golgi vesicles. Surprisingly,(More)
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